Facile one-pot transformation using structure-guided combustion waves of micro-nanostructured β-Bi 2 O 3 to α-Bi 2 O 3 @C and analysis of electrochemical capacitance

Hayoung Hwang, Jung ho Shin, Kang Yeol Lee, Wonjoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Precise phase-transformation can facilitate control of the properties of various materials, while an organic coating surrounding inorganic materials can yield useful characteristics. Herein, we demonstrate facile, selective manipulation of micro-nanostructured bismuth oxide (Bi 2 O 3 ) for phase transformation from microflower-like β-Bi 2 O 3 to micropill-like α-Bi 2 O 3 , with carbon-coating layer deposition, using structure-guided combustion waves (SGCWs). Microflower-like β-Bi 2 O 3 are synthesized as core materials and nitrocellulose is coated on their surfaces for the formation of core-shell hybrid structures of Bi 2 O 3 and chemical fuel. The SGCWs, which propagate along the core-material and fuel interfaces, apply high thermal energy (550–600 °C) and deposit incompletely combusted carbonaceous fuel on the microflower-like β-Bi 2 O 3 to enable transformation to α-phase and carbon-coating-layer synthesis. SGCW-induced improvements to the electrochemical characteristics of the developed micropill-like α-Bi 2 O 3 @C, compared with the microflower-like β-Bi 2 O 3 , are investigated. The enhanced stability from the α-phase Bi 2 O 3 and micropill-like structures during charge-discharge cycling improves the specific capacitance, while the carbon-coating layers facilitate increased electrical conductivity. SGCW-based methods exhibit high potential for selective phase manipulation and synthesis of carbon coatings surrounding micro-nanomaterials. They constitute a low-cost, fast, large-scale process for metal oxides, ceramics, and hybrid materials, implemented through control of the processing parameters by tuning the temperature, chemical fuel, and ambient conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-431
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 15


  • Bismuth oxide
  • Carbon coating
  • Combustion waves
  • Electrochemical reaction
  • Phase transformation
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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