Facile synthesis of micro-sized Ni–Al alloy powders through low-temperature chemical alloying

Yu Jin Lee, Byung Yong Lee, Chang Won Yoon, Yong Seok Lee, Hyangsoo Jeong, Sun Hee Choi, Dong Hwee Kim, Yongmin Kim, Kwang Bum Kim, Suk Woo Nam

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Abstract

Micro-sized Ni–Al alloy powders were synthesized using different quantities of Ni and Al powders as well as AlCl3 as an activator in a quartz batch reactor at ≤773 K. This method, named low-temperature chemical alloying (LTCA), which allows Al atoms to diffuse into micro-sized nickel particles mediated by aluminum chloride (chemical promotor), is distinct from conventional processes, such as cast-and-crush, and gas atomization. As-synthesized Ni–Al alloys were characterized using different analytical techniques that included X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis, and field emission scanning electron microscopy in conjunction with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (FESEM-EDS), to confirm the formation of alloy phases, such as Ni3Al, NiAl, Ni2Al3, and NiAl3. The analytical results showed that the crystalline phase compositions of the Ni–Al alloys were highly dependent upon the initial amounts of Ni and Al powders employed at the given alloying conditions (alloying temperature, 773 K; alloying time, 20 h; amount of AlCl3, 1.2 wt%). As a result of the thermal treatment of Ni–Al powder mixtures with the Al contents of (5, 15, 30, and 50) wt.% under continuous powder mixing by rotation, each powder was found to have (i) Ni solid solution + Ni3Al, (ii) Ni3Al, (iii) NiAl, and (iv) Ni2Al3 + NiAl3 phases, respectively, corresponding to the equilibrium states of the Ni–Al phase diagram. The cross-sectional analyses showed that the alloy structures of the heat-treated powders exist in a single-phase or core-shell form, depending on the number of crystalline phase compositions predicted from the phase diagram. In particular, the Ni–50 wt% Al powder has a unique Ni2Al3@NiAl3 core-shell structure. We further evaluate the performance of the as-developed Ni–Al alloy powders as oxidation-resistant materials and template materials for high-surface area (∼60 m2/gcat) nickel catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152392
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume815
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 30

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Keywords

  • Aluminum inner-diffusion
  • Core-shell structure alloy
  • Low-temperature chemical alloying (LTCA)
  • Ni-Al alloy powder
  • Single-phase alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Lee, Y. J., Lee, B. Y., Yoon, C. W., Lee, Y. S., Jeong, H., Choi, S. H., Kim, D. H., Kim, Y., Kim, K. B., & Nam, S. W. (2020). Facile synthesis of micro-sized Ni–Al alloy powders through low-temperature chemical alloying. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 815, [152392]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.152392