Facile synthesis of surface fluorinated-Li4Ti5O12/carbon nanotube nanocomposites for a high-rate capability anode of lithium-ion batteries

Il Seop Jang, Seo Hui Kang, Yun Chan Kang, Kwang Chul Roh, Jinyoung Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lithium titanate (Li4Ti5O12, LTO) with a spinel structure has attracted considerable attention as a promising anode material for application in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with high stability and long cycle life. However, the rate characteristics of the battery deteriorate due to its low electronic conductivity. In this study, a uniform nanocomposite was easily obtained by complexing bulk LTO particles and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via mechanofusion. Additionally, without using hazardous reagents, the surface of the LTO/CNT nanocomposites could be easily fluorinated via a simple post-treatment using ammonium fluoride (NH4F). It was demonstrated that the degree of fluorination of the LTO/CNT nanocomposites could be easily controlled by adjusting the amount of NH4F. The surface fluorinated-LTO/CNT nanocomposites, in which the main strategies for improving electrical conductivity were introduced simultaneously, showed excellent electrochemical performance as anodes for LIBs. In particular, the optimized surface fluorinated-LTO/CNT nanocomposites not only exhibited a high specific capacity of 170.2 mAh g−1 at 0.2 C, but also maintained a capacity of ∼140 mAh g−1 at a high rate of 20 C, which was almost 2.3 times higher than that of bulk LTO particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154710
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume605
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 15

Keywords

  • Fluorination
  • LiTiO/CNT
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Mechanofusion
  • Nanocomposite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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