Factors associated with medication beliefs in patients with parkinson’s disease: A cross-sectional study

Sung Reul Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hye Young Kim, Hui Young So, Sun Ju Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ObjectiveaaMedication beliefs are a significant determinant of medication adherence in chronic illness. This study aimed to identify demographic, clinical, and medication-related factors associated with medication beliefs in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). MethodsaaWe used a descriptive cross-sectional design with a convenience sample of 173 PD patients who had been taking anti-parkinson drugs for more than one year. ResultsaaThe subjects who believed PD medication was more necessary had more severe illness, younger age of onset, longer illness duration, and longer duration of levodopa therapy. They had higher levels of non-motor symptoms and depression, number of medication uses, number of drugs, and levodopa equivalent dose, and they reported fluctuation of motor symptoms and dyski-nesia. The subjects who used catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors, dopamine agonists, amantadine, and mono-amine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitors had significantly higher necessity scores than those who did not use them. The subjects who had higher concerns about PD medications had higher levels of non-motor symptoms and depression. The subjects using amantadine and anticholinergics had significantly higher concern scores than those who did not use them. Positive necessity-con-cerns differentials were associated with severe illness, the presence of motor fluctuation and dyskinesia, and the use of COMT in-hibitors. Based on stepwise multiple regression, the most significant factors influencing necessity beliefs were severe illness, fol-lowed by depression and motor fluctuation. ConclusionaaSevere illness, higher levels of depression, and motor fluctuation are independent factors influencing patients’ beliefs regarding medication necessity. Therefore, these characteristics should be considered in medication belief assessment and inter-ventions for PD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Movement Disorders
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Medication beliefs
  • Non-motor symptom
  • Parkinson’s disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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