Factors contributing to malnutrition in patients with Parkinson's disease

Sung Reul Kim, Sun J. Chung, Sung Hee Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our objective in this study was to evaluate the nutritional status and to identify clinical, psychosocial, and nutritional factors contributing to malnutrition in Korean patients with Parkinson's disease. We used a descriptive, cross-sectional study design. Of 102 enrolled patients, 26 (25.5%) were malnourished and 27 (26.5%) were at risk of malnutrition based on Mini-Nutritional Assessment scores. Malnutrition was related to activity of daily living score, Hoehn and Yahr stage, duration of levodopa therapy, Beck Depression Inventory and Spielberger's Anxiety Inventory scores, body weight, body weight at onset of Parkinson's disease, and body mass index. On multiple logistic regression analysis, anxiety score, duration of levodopa therapy, body weight at onset of Parkinson's disease, and loss of body weight were significant factors predicting malnutrition in Parkinson's disease patients. Therefore, nutritional assessment, including psychological evaluation, is required for Parkinson's disease patients to facilitate interdisciplinary nutritional intervention for malnourished patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Malnutrition
  • Nutritional status
  • Parkinson's disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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