Factors influencing fertility intentions of newlyweds in South Korea: Focus on demographics, socioeconomics, housing situation, residential satisfaction, and housing expectation

Seran Jeon, Myounghoon Lee, Seiyong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Since 2001, South Korea has experienced sustained lowest‐low fertility. This phenomenon has persisted despite the implementation of several social policies aimed at increasing fertility rates. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyze the demographics, socioeconomics, housing situation, residential environment, and housing expectation of newlyweds in terms of their fertility intentions in South Korea (within 5 years of marriage) in order to help the development of more effective housing policies. We extracted the factors on the basis of fertility theories and previous related studies and identified differential characteristics of the impact on fertility intentions for the first and for additional child(ren). The results show that fertility intention was higher in non-metropolitan and rental households. There was also a significant relationship between the anticipated period of a home purchase and fertility intention. In particular, for one‐child families, the second child fertility intention was significantly affected. In conclusion, we quantitatively confirmed various factors that significantly impact the fertility plans of newlyweds. We suggest that the government implements housing policies on the basis of economic stability, the number of children, and the residential environment of newlywed couples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1534
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Demographics
  • Fertility intention
  • Housing expectation
  • Housing policy
  • Housing situation
  • Newlyweds
  • Residential satisfaction
  • Socioeconomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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