Factors related to self-care behaviours among patients with diabetic foot ulcers

Eun Jo Kim, Kuem Sun Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To examine the level of self-care behaviours among patients with diabetic foot ulcers and identify factors related to their self-care behaviours. Background: This study focused on the self-care behaviours of patients diagnosed with diabetic foot ulcers, a complication of diabetes. Design: A cross-sectional study design was adopted. Methods: From July–August 2018, 131 outpatients and inpatients with diabetic foot ulcers were given a survey questionnaire regarding self-care behaviours and expected related factors at two Korean hospitals. In this study, self-care behaviours were diabetes management and diabetic foot care. Demographic, disease-related and laboratory characteristics were collected. The data were analysed in terms of descriptive statistics, a t test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. STROBE checklist was used as the guideline for this study. Results: Moderate levels of self-care behaviours were found. The stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that diabetes management was significantly related to perceived family support, experience of diabetic education, perceived stress, a problem-focused coping style, experience of hospitalisation and comorbidity. Furthermore, diabetic foot care was significantly associated with the experience of diabetic education, perceived family support, and serum level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and haemoglobin A1C. Conclusions: Perceived family support was the main factor affecting diabetes management, and diabetic foot care was greatly affected by the experience of diabetic education. It is necessary to develop diabetes education programmes and nursing interventions to increase family support to improve the self-care behaviours of patients with diabetic foot ulcers. Relevance to clinical practice: Self-care behaviours among patients with diabetic foot ulcers are important, as they affect healing of the wound and the quality of life. Further development of family-based diabetes education or programmes is recommended to promote the self-care behaviours of patients with diabetic foot ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1712-1722
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume29
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Keywords

  • diabetes management
  • diabetic foot care
  • diabetic foot ulcers
  • self-care behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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