Organic–inorganic halide perovskites have been widely investigated for the fabrication of photodetectors because of their excellent optoelectronic properties. However, the toxicity of Pb-based perovskites and the lack of manufacturing technology in air limits the commercialization of perovskite-based photodetectors. Tin halide perovskite (THP) is a promising candidate to replace Pb-based perovskites due to its low toxicity and potential commercialization. However, THP suffers poor stability in air because Sn2+ is easily oxidized to Sn4+. This “self-doping” effect not only degrades device performance rapidly, but also makes it difficult to fabricate THP-based devices in air. Here, Pb-free Sn-based 2D perovskite PEA2SnI4 films with tin fluoride (SnF2) additive are prepared in air using a nitrogen quenching hot casting method. The photodetectors with an optimal SnF2 concentration of 20% exhibit a fast response speed of 0.56 ms and an excellent specific detectivity of 6.32 × 1013 Jones, the best combination of THP-based photodetectors reported hitherto. The SnF2 additive is found to suppress the formation of Sn vacancies and improve the crystallinity of PEA2SnI4 films. The work provides an air-processing technology of Pb-free perovskite, which is easy to commercialize, and SnF2 additive engineering offering an effective way to demonstrate high performance photodetectors and image recognition applications.
- 2D perovskites
- Pb-free perovskites
- tin fluoride additive
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics