Background: Acetaminophen (APAP) is a readily available and safe painkiller. However, its overdose is the most common cause of acute liver injury (ALI). Many predisposing factors contribute to susceptibility to APAP-induced ALI. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the major cause of chronic liver disease, is considered an important predictor of APAP-induced ALI, although the exact mechanism controversial. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the effects of NAFLD on APAP-induced ALI. Methods: Two groups of mice, normal chow (NC) diet-fed and fast food (FF) diet-fed mice for 14weeks, were further divided into two subgroups: intraperitoneally injected with either saline (NC-S and FF-S groups) or APAP (NC-A and FF-A groups). Biochemical tests, histological analysis, quantitative PCR, and western blotting were conducted. Results: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level (199.0±39.0 vs. 63.8±7.4IU/L, p<0.05) and NAFLD activity score (0 vs. 4.5±0.22) were significantly higher in mice in FF-S group than those in NC-S group. ALI features such as ALT level (8447.8±1185.3 vs. 836.6±185.1IU/L, p<0.001) and centrizonal necrosis were prominent and mRNA levels of Trib3 (RR, 1.81) was high in mice in the NC-A group. Levels of CYP2E1 and anti-inflammatory molecules such as PPAR-γ, p62, and NRF2 were high in mice in the FF-A group. Conclusions: Our results showed that while the FF diet clearly induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and metabolic syndrome, NAFLD also attenuates APAP-induced ALI by inducing anti-inflammatory molecules such as PPAR-γ.
- Drug-induced liver injury
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
- Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
ASJC Scopus subject areas