Feasibility of a self-determination theory-based exercise program in community-dwelling south Korean older adults: Experiences from a 13-month trial

Minyoung Lee, Min Joo Kim, Dongwon Suh, Jungjin Kim, Eunkyoung Jo, Bum-Chul Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about the effectiveness of self-determination theory (SDT), a representative motivational theory, on exercise domain in older adults. This feasibility study used quantitative and qualitative approaches to evaluate the effectiveness of a 13-month group exercise program applying SDT-based motivational strategies on exercise adherence, physical fitness, and quality of life, and to explore factors affecting exercise adherence in South Korean older adults (N = 18). Exercise attendance rate was high (82.52%). There were significant differences in aerobic endurance (p <.001), lower body strength (p <.05), dynamic balance (p <.001), and perceived social functioning (p <.05) at 13 months compared with baseline. Factors affecting exercise adherence were related to the SDT-based motivational strategies. These results support the importance of health professionals applying SDT-based motivational strategies to exercise programs to help facilitate motivation for participation and to promote physical fitness and quality of life in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-21
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Exercise adherence
  • Motivation strategy
  • Physical fitness
  • Quality of life
  • Self-determination theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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