Feasibility of a Smartphone-Based Exercise Program for Office Workers With Neck Pain: An Individualized Approach Using a Self-Classification Algorithm

Minyoung Lee, Sang Heon Lee, Tae Yeong Kim, Hyun Joon Yoo, Sung Hoon Kim, Dong Won Suh, Jaebum Son, Bum-Chul Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To explore the feasibility of a newly developed smartphone-based exercise program with an embedded self-classification algorithm for office workers with neck pain, by examining its effect on the pain intensity, functional disability, quality of life, fear avoidance, and cervical range of motion (ROM). Design Single-group, repeated-measures design. Setting The laboratory and participants' home and work environments. Participants Offices workers with neck pain (N=23; mean age ± SD, 28.13±2.97y; 13 men). Intervention Participants were classified as having 1 of 4 types of neck pain through a self-classification algorithm implemented as a smartphone application, and conducted corresponding exercise programs for 10 to 12min/d, 3d/wk, for 8 weeks. Main Outcome Measures The visual analog scale (VAS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ), and cervical ROM were measured at baseline and postintervention. Results The VAS (P<.001) and NDI score (P<.001) indicated significant improvements in pain intensity and functional disability. Quality of life showed significant improvements in the physical functioning (P=.007), bodily pain (P=.018), general health (P=.022), vitality (P=.046), and physical component scores (P=.002) of the SF-36. The FABQ, cervical ROM, and mental component score of the SF-36 showed no significant improvements. Conclusions The smartphone-based exercise program with an embedded self-classification algorithm improves the pain intensity and perceived physical health of office workers with neck pain, although not enough to affect their mental and emotional states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-87
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1



  • Neck pain
  • Rehabilitation
  • Smartphone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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