Feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis parameters as imaging biomarkers for predicting risk grade of gastrointestinal stromal tumors

comparison with visual inspection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis (CTTA) parameters for predicting malignant risk grade and mitosis index of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), compared with visual inspection. Method and materials: CTTA was performed on portal phase CT images of 145 surgically confirmed GISTs (mean size: 42.9 ± 37.5 mm), using TexRAD software. Mean, standard deviation, entropy, mean of positive pixels (MPP), skewness, and kurtosis of CTTA parameters, on spatial scaling factor (SSF), 2–6 were compared by risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis on visual inspection. CTTA parameters were correlated with risk grade. Diagnostic performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Enhancement pattern, necrosis, heterogeneity, calcification, growth pattern, and mucosal ulceration were subjectively evaluated by two observers. Results: Three to four parameters at different scales were significantly different according to the risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis (p < 0.041). MPP at fine or medium scale (r = − 0.547 to − 393) and kurtosis at coarse scale (r = 0.424–0.454) correlated significantly with risk grade (p < 0.001). HG-GIST was best differentiated from LG-GIST by MPP at SSF 2 (AUC, 0.782), and kurtosis at SSF 4 (AUC, 0.779) (all p < 0.001). CT features predictive of HG-GIST were density lower than or equal to that of the erector spinae muscles on enhanced images (OR 2.1; p = 0.037; AUC, 0.59), necrosis (OR, 6.1; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.70), heterogeneity (OR, 4.3; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.67), and mucosal ulceration (OR, 3.3; p = 0.002; AUC, 0.62). Conclusion: Using TexRAD, MPP and kurtosis are feasible in predicting risk grade and mitosis index of GISTs. CTTA demonstrated meaningful accuracy in preoperative risk stratification of GISTs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAbdominal Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Area Under Curve
Biomarkers
Tomography
Mitosis
Necrosis
Entropy
ROC Curve
Software
Muscles
Growth

Keywords

  • Computed tomography texture analysis
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
  • Mitosis rate
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{3b028a1e35b04bd7bb507cc66e903681,
title = "Feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis parameters as imaging biomarkers for predicting risk grade of gastrointestinal stromal tumors: comparison with visual inspection",
abstract = "Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis (CTTA) parameters for predicting malignant risk grade and mitosis index of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), compared with visual inspection. Method and materials: CTTA was performed on portal phase CT images of 145 surgically confirmed GISTs (mean size: 42.9 ± 37.5 mm), using TexRAD software. Mean, standard deviation, entropy, mean of positive pixels (MPP), skewness, and kurtosis of CTTA parameters, on spatial scaling factor (SSF), 2–6 were compared by risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis on visual inspection. CTTA parameters were correlated with risk grade. Diagnostic performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Enhancement pattern, necrosis, heterogeneity, calcification, growth pattern, and mucosal ulceration were subjectively evaluated by two observers. Results: Three to four parameters at different scales were significantly different according to the risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis (p < 0.041). MPP at fine or medium scale (r = − 0.547 to − 393) and kurtosis at coarse scale (r = 0.424–0.454) correlated significantly with risk grade (p < 0.001). HG-GIST was best differentiated from LG-GIST by MPP at SSF 2 (AUC, 0.782), and kurtosis at SSF 4 (AUC, 0.779) (all p < 0.001). CT features predictive of HG-GIST were density lower than or equal to that of the erector spinae muscles on enhanced images (OR 2.1; p = 0.037; AUC, 0.59), necrosis (OR, 6.1; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.70), heterogeneity (OR, 4.3; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.67), and mucosal ulceration (OR, 3.3; p = 0.002; AUC, 0.62). Conclusion: Using TexRAD, MPP and kurtosis are feasible in predicting risk grade and mitosis index of GISTs. CTTA demonstrated meaningful accuracy in preoperative risk stratification of GISTs.",
keywords = "Computed tomography texture analysis, Gastrointestinal stromal tumor, Mitosis rate, Risk stratification",
author = "Choi, {In Young} and Yeom, {Suk Keu} and Jaehyung Cha and Cha, {Sang Hoon} and Lee, {Seung Hwa} and Chung, {Hwan Hoon} and Lee, {Chang Min} and Jung-Woo Choi",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00261-019-01995-4",
language = "English",
journal = "Abdominal Radiology",
issn = "2366-004X",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis parameters as imaging biomarkers for predicting risk grade of gastrointestinal stromal tumors

T2 - comparison with visual inspection

AU - Choi, In Young

AU - Yeom, Suk Keu

AU - Cha, Jaehyung

AU - Cha, Sang Hoon

AU - Lee, Seung Hwa

AU - Chung, Hwan Hoon

AU - Lee, Chang Min

AU - Choi, Jung-Woo

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis (CTTA) parameters for predicting malignant risk grade and mitosis index of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), compared with visual inspection. Method and materials: CTTA was performed on portal phase CT images of 145 surgically confirmed GISTs (mean size: 42.9 ± 37.5 mm), using TexRAD software. Mean, standard deviation, entropy, mean of positive pixels (MPP), skewness, and kurtosis of CTTA parameters, on spatial scaling factor (SSF), 2–6 were compared by risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis on visual inspection. CTTA parameters were correlated with risk grade. Diagnostic performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Enhancement pattern, necrosis, heterogeneity, calcification, growth pattern, and mucosal ulceration were subjectively evaluated by two observers. Results: Three to four parameters at different scales were significantly different according to the risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis (p < 0.041). MPP at fine or medium scale (r = − 0.547 to − 393) and kurtosis at coarse scale (r = 0.424–0.454) correlated significantly with risk grade (p < 0.001). HG-GIST was best differentiated from LG-GIST by MPP at SSF 2 (AUC, 0.782), and kurtosis at SSF 4 (AUC, 0.779) (all p < 0.001). CT features predictive of HG-GIST were density lower than or equal to that of the erector spinae muscles on enhanced images (OR 2.1; p = 0.037; AUC, 0.59), necrosis (OR, 6.1; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.70), heterogeneity (OR, 4.3; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.67), and mucosal ulceration (OR, 3.3; p = 0.002; AUC, 0.62). Conclusion: Using TexRAD, MPP and kurtosis are feasible in predicting risk grade and mitosis index of GISTs. CTTA demonstrated meaningful accuracy in preoperative risk stratification of GISTs.

AB - Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis (CTTA) parameters for predicting malignant risk grade and mitosis index of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), compared with visual inspection. Method and materials: CTTA was performed on portal phase CT images of 145 surgically confirmed GISTs (mean size: 42.9 ± 37.5 mm), using TexRAD software. Mean, standard deviation, entropy, mean of positive pixels (MPP), skewness, and kurtosis of CTTA parameters, on spatial scaling factor (SSF), 2–6 were compared by risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis on visual inspection. CTTA parameters were correlated with risk grade. Diagnostic performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Enhancement pattern, necrosis, heterogeneity, calcification, growth pattern, and mucosal ulceration were subjectively evaluated by two observers. Results: Three to four parameters at different scales were significantly different according to the risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis (p < 0.041). MPP at fine or medium scale (r = − 0.547 to − 393) and kurtosis at coarse scale (r = 0.424–0.454) correlated significantly with risk grade (p < 0.001). HG-GIST was best differentiated from LG-GIST by MPP at SSF 2 (AUC, 0.782), and kurtosis at SSF 4 (AUC, 0.779) (all p < 0.001). CT features predictive of HG-GIST were density lower than or equal to that of the erector spinae muscles on enhanced images (OR 2.1; p = 0.037; AUC, 0.59), necrosis (OR, 6.1; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.70), heterogeneity (OR, 4.3; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.67), and mucosal ulceration (OR, 3.3; p = 0.002; AUC, 0.62). Conclusion: Using TexRAD, MPP and kurtosis are feasible in predicting risk grade and mitosis index of GISTs. CTTA demonstrated meaningful accuracy in preoperative risk stratification of GISTs.

KW - Computed tomography texture analysis

KW - Gastrointestinal stromal tumor

KW - Mitosis rate

KW - Risk stratification

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U2 - 10.1007/s00261-019-01995-4

DO - 10.1007/s00261-019-01995-4

M3 - Article

JO - Abdominal Radiology

JF - Abdominal Radiology

SN - 2366-004X

ER -