Feasibility Study of a Contrast-Enhanced Multi-Detector CT (64 Channels) Protocol for Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

The Influence of Different Scan Delays on Tumor Conspicuity

Young Hen Lee, Hyung Suk Seo, Sang-Il Suh, Inseon Ryoo, Sung Hye You, Kyu Ri Son, Soon Young Kwon, Gil Soo Son, Kyung Sook Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recently, a number of studies have advocated the diagnostic benefit of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in the current ultrasound (US)-based preoperative evaluation of thyroid cancer. However, no study has been conducted to optimize a CECT protocol focusing on tumor conspicuity using a multi-detector CT scanner. This study aimed at determining the optimal scan delay for increased CT attenuation differences between thyroid cancer and parenchymal background using a biphasic CECT examination. Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled 84 patients (M:F = 7:77; Mage = 44.8 ± 10.9 years) with 87 papillary thyroid carcinomas (Msize = 14.1 mm) who consecutively underwent US and CECT examination prior to surgery. In each patient, CT scanning was taken twice - once with a 40-second delay and once with a 70-second delay - using a 64-channel multi-detector scanner. After obtaining the mean attenuation value (MAV) of the thyroid cancer and the ipsilateral parenchyma by drawing regions of interest on the CECT images based on their cytopathologic results and US findings, the parenchyma-cancer differences (PCD) between the early and delayed scans were simply compared using a paired t-test. Then, the mean differences in the MAVs of the thyroid cancer and ipsilateral parenchyma (hereafter abbreviated as Group) between the early and delayed scans (abbreviated as Time) were compared after adjusting for the other factors that significantly affected MAVs, such as concentration of iodinated contrast medium (abbreviated as CCM) and size of thyroid cancer (abbreviated as Size) using a repeated-measures general linear model. Results: Because the ipsilateral parenchyma exhibited significantly higher attenuation on the early scan and further decline on the delayed scan compared with thyroid cancer (p < 0.001), the PCD for thyroid cancer was significantly better with a 40-second scan delay than a 70-second delay (58.8 ± 36.6 Hounsfield units [HU] vs. 40.4 ± 25.6 HU; p < 0.001). Similar results were obtained from the repeated-measures general linear model that considered the effects of CCM, Size, Group, and Time, and the interaction of Group and Time. Conclusion: Based on this CECT study that adjusted for the effects of CCM and size on MAV, early scans (e.g., 40-second scan delay) are helpful for improving the tumor conspicuity of thyroid cancer on CECT images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-733
Number of pages8
JournalThyroid
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Fingerprint

Feasibility Studies
Thyroid Neoplasms
Tomography
Neoplasms
Linear Models
Papillary Thyroid cancer
Contrast Media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

@article{4a863189d9ef4aabb84f14ab0c5920c2,
title = "Feasibility Study of a Contrast-Enhanced Multi-Detector CT (64 Channels) Protocol for Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: The Influence of Different Scan Delays on Tumor Conspicuity",
abstract = "Background: Recently, a number of studies have advocated the diagnostic benefit of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in the current ultrasound (US)-based preoperative evaluation of thyroid cancer. However, no study has been conducted to optimize a CECT protocol focusing on tumor conspicuity using a multi-detector CT scanner. This study aimed at determining the optimal scan delay for increased CT attenuation differences between thyroid cancer and parenchymal background using a biphasic CECT examination. Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled 84 patients (M:F = 7:77; Mage = 44.8 ± 10.9 years) with 87 papillary thyroid carcinomas (Msize = 14.1 mm) who consecutively underwent US and CECT examination prior to surgery. In each patient, CT scanning was taken twice - once with a 40-second delay and once with a 70-second delay - using a 64-channel multi-detector scanner. After obtaining the mean attenuation value (MAV) of the thyroid cancer and the ipsilateral parenchyma by drawing regions of interest on the CECT images based on their cytopathologic results and US findings, the parenchyma-cancer differences (PCD) between the early and delayed scans were simply compared using a paired t-test. Then, the mean differences in the MAVs of the thyroid cancer and ipsilateral parenchyma (hereafter abbreviated as Group) between the early and delayed scans (abbreviated as Time) were compared after adjusting for the other factors that significantly affected MAVs, such as concentration of iodinated contrast medium (abbreviated as CCM) and size of thyroid cancer (abbreviated as Size) using a repeated-measures general linear model. Results: Because the ipsilateral parenchyma exhibited significantly higher attenuation on the early scan and further decline on the delayed scan compared with thyroid cancer (p < 0.001), the PCD for thyroid cancer was significantly better with a 40-second scan delay than a 70-second delay (58.8 ± 36.6 Hounsfield units [HU] vs. 40.4 ± 25.6 HU; p < 0.001). Similar results were obtained from the repeated-measures general linear model that considered the effects of CCM, Size, Group, and Time, and the interaction of Group and Time. Conclusion: Based on this CECT study that adjusted for the effects of CCM and size on MAV, early scans (e.g., 40-second scan delay) are helpful for improving the tumor conspicuity of thyroid cancer on CECT images.",
author = "Lee, {Young Hen} and Seo, {Hyung Suk} and Sang-Il Suh and Inseon Ryoo and You, {Sung Hye} and Son, {Kyu Ri} and Kwon, {Soon Young} and Son, {Gil Soo} and Yang, {Kyung Sook}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1089/thy.2015.0415",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "726--733",
journal = "Thyroid",
issn = "1050-7256",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feasibility Study of a Contrast-Enhanced Multi-Detector CT (64 Channels) Protocol for Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

T2 - The Influence of Different Scan Delays on Tumor Conspicuity

AU - Lee, Young Hen

AU - Seo, Hyung Suk

AU - Suh, Sang-Il

AU - Ryoo, Inseon

AU - You, Sung Hye

AU - Son, Kyu Ri

AU - Kwon, Soon Young

AU - Son, Gil Soo

AU - Yang, Kyung Sook

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - Background: Recently, a number of studies have advocated the diagnostic benefit of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in the current ultrasound (US)-based preoperative evaluation of thyroid cancer. However, no study has been conducted to optimize a CECT protocol focusing on tumor conspicuity using a multi-detector CT scanner. This study aimed at determining the optimal scan delay for increased CT attenuation differences between thyroid cancer and parenchymal background using a biphasic CECT examination. Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled 84 patients (M:F = 7:77; Mage = 44.8 ± 10.9 years) with 87 papillary thyroid carcinomas (Msize = 14.1 mm) who consecutively underwent US and CECT examination prior to surgery. In each patient, CT scanning was taken twice - once with a 40-second delay and once with a 70-second delay - using a 64-channel multi-detector scanner. After obtaining the mean attenuation value (MAV) of the thyroid cancer and the ipsilateral parenchyma by drawing regions of interest on the CECT images based on their cytopathologic results and US findings, the parenchyma-cancer differences (PCD) between the early and delayed scans were simply compared using a paired t-test. Then, the mean differences in the MAVs of the thyroid cancer and ipsilateral parenchyma (hereafter abbreviated as Group) between the early and delayed scans (abbreviated as Time) were compared after adjusting for the other factors that significantly affected MAVs, such as concentration of iodinated contrast medium (abbreviated as CCM) and size of thyroid cancer (abbreviated as Size) using a repeated-measures general linear model. Results: Because the ipsilateral parenchyma exhibited significantly higher attenuation on the early scan and further decline on the delayed scan compared with thyroid cancer (p < 0.001), the PCD for thyroid cancer was significantly better with a 40-second scan delay than a 70-second delay (58.8 ± 36.6 Hounsfield units [HU] vs. 40.4 ± 25.6 HU; p < 0.001). Similar results were obtained from the repeated-measures general linear model that considered the effects of CCM, Size, Group, and Time, and the interaction of Group and Time. Conclusion: Based on this CECT study that adjusted for the effects of CCM and size on MAV, early scans (e.g., 40-second scan delay) are helpful for improving the tumor conspicuity of thyroid cancer on CECT images.

AB - Background: Recently, a number of studies have advocated the diagnostic benefit of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in the current ultrasound (US)-based preoperative evaluation of thyroid cancer. However, no study has been conducted to optimize a CECT protocol focusing on tumor conspicuity using a multi-detector CT scanner. This study aimed at determining the optimal scan delay for increased CT attenuation differences between thyroid cancer and parenchymal background using a biphasic CECT examination. Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled 84 patients (M:F = 7:77; Mage = 44.8 ± 10.9 years) with 87 papillary thyroid carcinomas (Msize = 14.1 mm) who consecutively underwent US and CECT examination prior to surgery. In each patient, CT scanning was taken twice - once with a 40-second delay and once with a 70-second delay - using a 64-channel multi-detector scanner. After obtaining the mean attenuation value (MAV) of the thyroid cancer and the ipsilateral parenchyma by drawing regions of interest on the CECT images based on their cytopathologic results and US findings, the parenchyma-cancer differences (PCD) between the early and delayed scans were simply compared using a paired t-test. Then, the mean differences in the MAVs of the thyroid cancer and ipsilateral parenchyma (hereafter abbreviated as Group) between the early and delayed scans (abbreviated as Time) were compared after adjusting for the other factors that significantly affected MAVs, such as concentration of iodinated contrast medium (abbreviated as CCM) and size of thyroid cancer (abbreviated as Size) using a repeated-measures general linear model. Results: Because the ipsilateral parenchyma exhibited significantly higher attenuation on the early scan and further decline on the delayed scan compared with thyroid cancer (p < 0.001), the PCD for thyroid cancer was significantly better with a 40-second scan delay than a 70-second delay (58.8 ± 36.6 Hounsfield units [HU] vs. 40.4 ± 25.6 HU; p < 0.001). Similar results were obtained from the repeated-measures general linear model that considered the effects of CCM, Size, Group, and Time, and the interaction of Group and Time. Conclusion: Based on this CECT study that adjusted for the effects of CCM and size on MAV, early scans (e.g., 40-second scan delay) are helpful for improving the tumor conspicuity of thyroid cancer on CECT images.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84968813470&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84968813470&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/thy.2015.0415

DO - 10.1089/thy.2015.0415

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 726

EP - 733

JO - Thyroid

JF - Thyroid

SN - 1050-7256

IS - 5

ER -