Fibrinolytic activity of a novel serine protease from the hemolymph of a polychaeta, Periserrula leucophryna

Kwang Bon Koo, Hyung Joo Suh, Kyung Soo Ra, Yeon Hyang Kim, Han Seung Joo, Jang Won Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We purified and characterized a novel protease with fibrinolytic activity from the hemolymph of a polychaeta, Periserrula leucophryna. The enzyme was isolated by chromatographic methods using Phenyl-Sepharose and Benzamidine-Sepharose. SDS-PAGE and gel filtration revealed a single polypeptide chain with a molecular weight of 30 kDa. The N-terminal sequence was determined to be IVGGQNARQGEFPWQV. The purified enzyme preferentially cleaved the synthetic substrates that had Lys (rather than Arg) at the P1 position and did not efficiently cleave substrates with non-polar amino acids. Among chromogenic protease substrates, the substrate that was most susceptible to hydrolysis by Periserrula leucophryna fibrinolytic protease (PLFP) was Val-Leu-Lys-pNA (substrate for plasmin). The inhibition profile revealed the protease belongs to a family of serine proteases and has plasmin-like activity that is strongly inhibited by α2-antiplasmin. The purified PLFP was able to dissolve the artificial fibrin, and its fibrinolytic behavior is similar to that of plasmin. In conclusion, PLFP is a novel protease and has potential for practical applications in thrombolytic therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Biological Chemistry
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Fibrinolytic activity
  • Periserrula leucophryna
  • Plasmin-like activity
  • Polychaeta
  • Serine protease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Organic Chemistry

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