Using neutron diffraction, we investigated the spin structures of magnetoelectric hexaferrite, Ba0.5Sr1.5Zn 2(Fe1-xAlx)12O22 (x=0.08) under a magnetic field (Hc). When the crystal was cooled in a zero field, longitudinal spin cones were observed at low temperatures. These incommensurate phases, however, were replaced by the commensurate phase [k1=(0,0,32) ] when the ferroelectricity was induced by an external field perpendicular to the c axis. Magnetic structure refinement confirms that this commensurate order is compatible with the spin-current polarization. We argue that planar magnetic anisotropy plays an important role in determining the magnetic structure that is responsible for its magnetoelectricity.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Apr 26|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics