Filter-feeding habits of the larvae of Anthopotamus (Ephemeroptera: Potamanthidae)

W. P. McCafferty, Y. J. Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

A field and laboratory investigation of the food and feeding behavior of larvae of the potamanthid mayfly Anthopotamusverticis (Say) was conducted from 1989 to 1991 on a population from the Tippecanoe River, Indiana (USA). Gutcontent analyses indicated that all size classes of larvae are detritivores, with over 95 % of food consisting of fine detritalparticles. Videomacroscopy indicated that all size classes of larvae are filter feeders, able to utilize both active depositfilter feeding and passive seston filter feeding cycles in their interstitial microhabitat. Deposit filter feeding initially incorporates the removal of loosely deposited detritus with the forelegs. Seston filter feeding initially incorporates filteringby long setae on the forelegs and palps. Mandibular tusks are used to help remove detritus from the foreleg setae. ASEM examination of filtering setae indicated they are hairlike and bipectinate, being equipped with lateral rows of setules.The results show that previous assumptions that potamanthid larvae were collector/gatherers are erroneous. Theresults are applicable to congeners, and all potamanthids, including Palearctic and Oriental elements, are hypothesizedto be filter feeders, differing only in some details of behavior.

Translated title of the contributionFilter-feeding habits of the larvae of Anthopotamus (Ephemeroptera : Potamanthidae)
LanguageFrench
Pages27-34
Number of pages8
JournalAnnales de Limnologie
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Potamanthidae
filter feeding
Ephemeroptera
setae (animal)
larva
legs
filter feeder
seston
larvae
detritus
deposit feeding
mayfly
food
detritivores
palps
collectors
feeding behavior
microhabitat
microhabitats
rivers

Keywords

  • Anthopotamus
  • Behavior
  • Detritus
  • Ephemeroptera
  • Filter feeding
  • Morphology
  • Potamanthidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Le régime trophique de type filtreur des larves d'Anthopotamus (Ephemeroptera : Potamanthidae). / McCafferty, W. P.; Bae, Y. J.

In: Annales de Limnologie, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1992, p. 27-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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