Finite Difference Method for the Black–Scholes Equation Without Boundary Conditions

Darae Jeong, Minhyun Yoo, Junseok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We present an accurate and efficient finite difference method for solving the Black–Scholes (BS) equation without boundary conditions. The BS equation is a backward parabolic partial differential equation for financial option pricing and hedging. When we solve the BS equation numerically, we typically need an artificial far-field boundary condition such as the Dirichlet, Neumann, linearity, or partial differential equation boundary condition. However, in this paper, we propose an explicit finite difference scheme which does not use a far-field boundary condition to solve the BS equation numerically. The main idea of the proposed method is that we reduce one or two computational grid points and only compute the updated numerical solution on that new grid points at each time step. By using this approach, we do not need a boundary condition. This procedure works because option pricing and computation of the Greeks use the values at a couple of grid points neighboring an interesting spot. To demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of the new algorithm, we perform the numerical experiments such as pricing and computation of the Greeks of the vanilla call, cash-or-nothing, power, and powered options. The computational results show excellent agreement with analytical solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-972
Number of pages12
JournalComputational Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1


  • Black–Scholes equation
  • Far field boundary conditions
  • Finite difference method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications


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