Five-year subjective outcomes of obstructive sleep apnea surgery: A multiinstitutional study

Ji Ho Choi, Seung Hoon Lee, Jae Hoon Cho, Sung Wan Kim, Kyu Sup Cho, Soo Kweon Koo, Tae Bin Won, Jeong Whun Kim, Hyo Yeol Kim, Yoo Suk Kim, Yoo Sam Chung, Chae Seo Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) surgery on long-term (5-year) subjective outcomes, including sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms and other complications, in patients with OSA. Methods. We enrolled patients who underwent diagnostic polysomnography for OSA between January 2006 and December 2006 in ten hospitals. Patients either were treated for OSA or were not treated for OSA.All patients completed a brief telephone survey regarding their SDB signs and symptoms (e.g., snoring, apnea, nocturnal arousals, and daytime sleepiness), positive airway pressure (PAP) compliance, and any adverse effects of either the surgery or PAP. A positive subjective outcome for either surgery or no treatment was taken to be the alleviation of apnea, defined as a ≥50% increase in score. A positive subjective outcome (compliance) for PAP was defined as a PAP usage of ≥4 hours per night and ≥5 days per week. Results. A total of 229 patients were included in this study. Patients were divided into three groups: a surgery group (n=87), a PAP group (n=68), and a control (untreated) group (n=74).The surgery group exhibited significant improvement in all SDB symptoms compared with the control group. The long-term subjective outcomes of the surgery (52.9%) and PAP (54.4%) groups were significantly better than those of the control group (25.0%).The subjective outcome of the surgery group was not significantly different from that of the PAP group. The overall surgical complication rate was 23.0% (20 of 87) in the surgery group, and 55.0% (22 of 40) of all patients with PAP experienced adverse effects. Conclusion. The extent of SDB symptoms was consistently improved in patients with OSA at 5 years postsurgery. Information about the potential long-term subjective outcomes should be provided to patients when considering surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-375
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Signs and symptoms
  • Surgery
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Choi, J. H., Lee, S. H., Cho, J. H., Kim, S. W., Cho, K. S., Koo, S. K., Won, T. B., Kim, J. W., Kim, H. Y., Kim, Y. S., Chung, Y. S., & Rhee, C. S. (2015). Five-year subjective outcomes of obstructive sleep apnea surgery: A multiinstitutional study. Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology, 8(4), 370-375. https://doi.org/10.3342/ceo.2015.8.4.370