FLAIR vascular hyperintensities predict early ischemic recurrence in TIA

Ki Woong Nam, Chi Kyung Kim, Tae Jung Kim, Kyungmi Oh, Moon Ku Han, Sang Bae Ko, Byung Woo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) vascular hyperintensity (FVH) and early ischemic lesion recurrence (follow-up diffusion-weighted imaging [FU-DWI] [+]) in patients with lesion-negative TIA. METHODS: We recruited consecutive patients with lesion-negative TIA within 24 hours of symptom onset, who underwent follow-up MRI during the acute period. FVH was defined as a focal or serpentine high signal intensity on FLAIR images. Other potential confounders were adjusted to evaluate the relationship between FVH and FU-DWI (+). Furthermore, to compare clinical outcomes between the FU-DWI (+) and FU-DWI (-) groups, we assessed 1-year recurrent ischemic stroke or TIA. RESULTS: Among 392 patients with lesion-negative TIA, 82 patients had FU-DWI (+) on the follow-up MRI. In the multivariate analysis, FVH remained an independent predictor of FU-DWI (+) (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 4.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.45-9.29, p < 0.001). The time to initial MRI (aOR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.33-0.70, p < 0.001) and intracranial atherosclerosis (aOR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.10-3.92, p = 0.025) were also associated with FU-DWI (+), independent of FVH. In clinical outcomes, the FU-DWI (+) group showed more frequent 1-year recurrent ischemic stroke events than the FU-DWI (-) group (10.7% vs 3.1%, respectively, p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: FVH is associated with FU-DWI (+) in patients with lesion-negative TIA. As FU-DWI (+) frequently occurs during the acute period and has a subsequent worse outcome after discharge, additional radiologic or clinical markers for it are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e738-e744
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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