Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements

F. Rami, P. Crochet, R. Donà, B. De Schauenburg, P. Wagner, J. P. Alard, A. Andronic, Z. Basrak, N. Bastid, I. Belyaev, A. Bendarag, G. Berek, D. Best, R. Čaplar, A. Devismes, P. Dupieux, M. Dželalija, M. Eskef, Z. Fodor, A. GobbiY. Grishkin, N. Herrmann, K. D. Hildenbrand, Byungsik Hong, J. Kecskemeti, M. Kirejczyk, M. Korolija, R. Kotte, A. Lebedev, Y. Leifels, H. Merlitz, S. Mohren, D. Moisa, W. Neubert, D. Pelte, M. Petrovici, C. Pinkenburg, C. Plettner, W. Reisdorf, D. Schüll, Z. Seres, B. Sikora, V. Simion, K. Siwek-Wilczyńska, G. Stoicea, M. Stockmeir, M. Vasiliev, K. Wisniewski, D. Wohlfarth, I. Yushmanov, A. Zhilin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Directed sideward flow of light charged particles and intermediate mass fragments was measured in different symmetric reactions at bombarding energies from 90 to 800 A MeV. The flow parameter is found to increase with the charge of the detected fragment up to Z = 3-4 and then turns into saturation for heavier fragments. Guided by simple simulations of an anisotropic expanding thermal source, we show that the value at saturation can provide a good estimate of the flow angle, Θflow, in the participant region. It is found that Θflow depends strongly on the impact parameter. The excitation function of Θflow reveals striking deviations from the ideal hydrodynamical scaling. The data exhibit a steep rise of Θflow to a maximum at around 250-400 A MeV, followed by a moderate decrease as the bombarding energy increases further.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-384
Number of pages18
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume646
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Dec 1

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fragments
saturation
charged particles
deviation
scaling
energy
estimates
excitation
simulation

Keywords

  • Au(Au,X), E = 90-800 MeV/nucleon
  • Cs,I(Xe,X), E = 400 MeV/nucleon
  • Deduced flow parameter, flow angle, source features
  • Measured light, intermediate charged fragments rapidity distributions
  • Nuclear reactions Ru(Ru,X), E = 400 MeV/nucleon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Rami, F., Crochet, P., Donà, R., De Schauenburg, B., Wagner, P., Alard, J. P., ... Zhilin, A. (1999). Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements. Nuclear Physics A, 646(3), 367-384.

Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements. / Rami, F.; Crochet, P.; Donà, R.; De Schauenburg, B.; Wagner, P.; Alard, J. P.; Andronic, A.; Basrak, Z.; Bastid, N.; Belyaev, I.; Bendarag, A.; Berek, G.; Best, D.; Čaplar, R.; Devismes, A.; Dupieux, P.; Dželalija, M.; Eskef, M.; Fodor, Z.; Gobbi, A.; Grishkin, Y.; Herrmann, N.; Hildenbrand, K. D.; Hong, Byungsik; Kecskemeti, J.; Kirejczyk, M.; Korolija, M.; Kotte, R.; Lebedev, A.; Leifels, Y.; Merlitz, H.; Mohren, S.; Moisa, D.; Neubert, W.; Pelte, D.; Petrovici, M.; Pinkenburg, C.; Plettner, C.; Reisdorf, W.; Schüll, D.; Seres, Z.; Sikora, B.; Simion, V.; Siwek-Wilczyńska, K.; Stoicea, G.; Stockmeir, M.; Vasiliev, M.; Wisniewski, K.; Wohlfarth, D.; Yushmanov, I.; Zhilin, A.

In: Nuclear Physics A, Vol. 646, No. 3, 01.12.1999, p. 367-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rami, F, Crochet, P, Donà, R, De Schauenburg, B, Wagner, P, Alard, JP, Andronic, A, Basrak, Z, Bastid, N, Belyaev, I, Bendarag, A, Berek, G, Best, D, Čaplar, R, Devismes, A, Dupieux, P, Dželalija, M, Eskef, M, Fodor, Z, Gobbi, A, Grishkin, Y, Herrmann, N, Hildenbrand, KD, Hong, B, Kecskemeti, J, Kirejczyk, M, Korolija, M, Kotte, R, Lebedev, A, Leifels, Y, Merlitz, H, Mohren, S, Moisa, D, Neubert, W, Pelte, D, Petrovici, M, Pinkenburg, C, Plettner, C, Reisdorf, W, Schüll, D, Seres, Z, Sikora, B, Simion, V, Siwek-Wilczyńska, K, Stoicea, G, Stockmeir, M, Vasiliev, M, Wisniewski, K, Wohlfarth, D, Yushmanov, I & Zhilin, A 1999, 'Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements', Nuclear Physics A, vol. 646, no. 3, pp. 367-384.
Rami F, Crochet P, Donà R, De Schauenburg B, Wagner P, Alard JP et al. Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements. Nuclear Physics A. 1999 Dec 1;646(3):367-384.
Rami, F. ; Crochet, P. ; Donà, R. ; De Schauenburg, B. ; Wagner, P. ; Alard, J. P. ; Andronic, A. ; Basrak, Z. ; Bastid, N. ; Belyaev, I. ; Bendarag, A. ; Berek, G. ; Best, D. ; Čaplar, R. ; Devismes, A. ; Dupieux, P. ; Dželalija, M. ; Eskef, M. ; Fodor, Z. ; Gobbi, A. ; Grishkin, Y. ; Herrmann, N. ; Hildenbrand, K. D. ; Hong, Byungsik ; Kecskemeti, J. ; Kirejczyk, M. ; Korolija, M. ; Kotte, R. ; Lebedev, A. ; Leifels, Y. ; Merlitz, H. ; Mohren, S. ; Moisa, D. ; Neubert, W. ; Pelte, D. ; Petrovici, M. ; Pinkenburg, C. ; Plettner, C. ; Reisdorf, W. ; Schüll, D. ; Seres, Z. ; Sikora, B. ; Simion, V. ; Siwek-Wilczyńska, K. ; Stoicea, G. ; Stockmeir, M. ; Vasiliev, M. ; Wisniewski, K. ; Wohlfarth, D. ; Yushmanov, I. ; Zhilin, A. / Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements. In: Nuclear Physics A. 1999 ; Vol. 646, No. 3. pp. 367-384.
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abstract = "Directed sideward flow of light charged particles and intermediate mass fragments was measured in different symmetric reactions at bombarding energies from 90 to 800 A MeV. The flow parameter is found to increase with the charge of the detected fragment up to Z = 3-4 and then turns into saturation for heavier fragments. Guided by simple simulations of an anisotropic expanding thermal source, we show that the value at saturation can provide a good estimate of the flow angle, Θflow, in the participant region. It is found that Θflow depends strongly on the impact parameter. The excitation function of Θflow reveals striking deviations from the ideal hydrodynamical scaling. The data exhibit a steep rise of Θflow to a maximum at around 250-400 A MeV, followed by a moderate decrease as the bombarding energy increases further.",
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T1 - Flow angle from intermediate mass fragment measurements

AU - Rami, F.

AU - Crochet, P.

AU - Donà, R.

AU - De Schauenburg, B.

AU - Wagner, P.

AU - Alard, J. P.

AU - Andronic, A.

AU - Basrak, Z.

AU - Bastid, N.

AU - Belyaev, I.

AU - Bendarag, A.

AU - Berek, G.

AU - Best, D.

AU - Čaplar, R.

AU - Devismes, A.

AU - Dupieux, P.

AU - Dželalija, M.

AU - Eskef, M.

AU - Fodor, Z.

AU - Gobbi, A.

AU - Grishkin, Y.

AU - Herrmann, N.

AU - Hildenbrand, K. D.

AU - Hong, Byungsik

AU - Kecskemeti, J.

AU - Kirejczyk, M.

AU - Korolija, M.

AU - Kotte, R.

AU - Lebedev, A.

AU - Leifels, Y.

AU - Merlitz, H.

AU - Mohren, S.

AU - Moisa, D.

AU - Neubert, W.

AU - Pelte, D.

AU - Petrovici, M.

AU - Pinkenburg, C.

AU - Plettner, C.

AU - Reisdorf, W.

AU - Schüll, D.

AU - Seres, Z.

AU - Sikora, B.

AU - Simion, V.

AU - Siwek-Wilczyńska, K.

AU - Stoicea, G.

AU - Stockmeir, M.

AU - Vasiliev, M.

AU - Wisniewski, K.

AU - Wohlfarth, D.

AU - Yushmanov, I.

AU - Zhilin, A.

PY - 1999/12/1

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N2 - Directed sideward flow of light charged particles and intermediate mass fragments was measured in different symmetric reactions at bombarding energies from 90 to 800 A MeV. The flow parameter is found to increase with the charge of the detected fragment up to Z = 3-4 and then turns into saturation for heavier fragments. Guided by simple simulations of an anisotropic expanding thermal source, we show that the value at saturation can provide a good estimate of the flow angle, Θflow, in the participant region. It is found that Θflow depends strongly on the impact parameter. The excitation function of Θflow reveals striking deviations from the ideal hydrodynamical scaling. The data exhibit a steep rise of Θflow to a maximum at around 250-400 A MeV, followed by a moderate decrease as the bombarding energy increases further.

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KW - Cs,I(Xe,X), E = 400 MeV/nucleon

KW - Deduced flow parameter, flow angle, source features

KW - Measured light, intermediate charged fragments rapidity distributions

KW - Nuclear reactions Ru(Ru,X), E = 400 MeV/nucleon

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