Flow characteristics of microbubble suspensions in porous media as an oxygen carrier

Yong Ju Choi, Joo Young Park, Young Jin Kim, Kyoungphile Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbubble suspensions were generated as an oxygen carrier for aerobic biodegradation, and their flow characteristics in porous media were investigated. Commercial surfactants including sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and dodecylethyldimethylammonium bromide (DEDAB), saponin (a natural surfactant), and collagen (a protein hydrolysate) were examined as base materials for generating microbubble suspensions. Among them, 2 x CMC (critical micellar concentration) of SDS, DEDAB, and saponin developed microbubble suspensions with the highest gas hold-up and half-drainage time. Visualization of the flow patterns in sand showed that the microbubble suspensions were separated into a liquid and gas phase directly after injection, showing much faster movement of liquid phase flow. The gas front of the microbubble suspensions flowed in a plug-flow manner, particularly in cases of SDS and DEDAB. The experimental results from both homogeneous and heterogeneous cells confirmed that the microbubble flow could overcome the heterogeneity in porous media. However, the plug-flow characteristics and flow propagation of the microbubble suspensions to the low-permeability zone was accompanied by a large pressure drop, which needs to be considered for future field application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
JournalClean - Soil, Air, Water
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Flow characteristics
  • Microbubble suspension
  • Oxygen supply
  • Plug-flow
  • Soil contamination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution

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