Flowfield characteristics of an aerodynamic acoustic levitator

Alexander Yarin, G. Brenn, J. Keller, M. Pfaffenlehner, E. Ryssel, C. Tropea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A droplet held in a single-axis ultrasonic levitator will principally sustain a certain external blowing along the levitation axis, which introduces the possibility of investigating heat and/or mass transfer from the droplet under conditions which are not too remote from those in spray systems. The focus of the present work is on the influence of the acoustic field on the external flow. More specifically, an axisymmetric submerged gas jet in an axial standing acoustic wave is examined, both in the absence and presence of a liquid droplet. Flow visualization is first presented to illustrate the global flow effects and the operating windows of jet velocities and acoustic powers which are suitable for further study. An analytic and numeric solution, based on the parabolic boundary layer equations are then given for the case of no levitated droplet, providing quantitative estimates of the acoustic field/flow interaction. Detailed velocity measurements using a laser Doppler anemometer verify the analytic results and extend these to the case of a levitated droplet. Some unresolved discrepancy remains in predicting the maximum velocity attainable before the droplet is blown out of the levitator. Two methods are developed to estimate the sound pressure level in the levitator by comparing flowfield patterns with analytic results. These results and observations are used to estimate to what extent acoustic aerodynamic levitators can be used in the future for investigating transport properties of individual droplets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3300-3314
Number of pages15
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume9
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

aerodynamics
Aerodynamics
Acoustics
acoustics
estimates
Acoustic fields
boundary layer equations
anemometers
gas jets
blowing
levitation
flow visualization
sound pressure
Acoustic waves
velocity measurement
Flow interactions
mass transfer
sprayers
flow distribution
Anemometers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Yarin, A., Brenn, G., Keller, J., Pfaffenlehner, M., Ryssel, E., & Tropea, C. (1997). Flowfield characteristics of an aerodynamic acoustic levitator. Physics of Fluids, 9(11), 3300-3314.

Flowfield characteristics of an aerodynamic acoustic levitator. / Yarin, Alexander; Brenn, G.; Keller, J.; Pfaffenlehner, M.; Ryssel, E.; Tropea, C.

In: Physics of Fluids, Vol. 9, No. 11, 01.11.1997, p. 3300-3314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yarin, A, Brenn, G, Keller, J, Pfaffenlehner, M, Ryssel, E & Tropea, C 1997, 'Flowfield characteristics of an aerodynamic acoustic levitator', Physics of Fluids, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 3300-3314.
Yarin A, Brenn G, Keller J, Pfaffenlehner M, Ryssel E, Tropea C. Flowfield characteristics of an aerodynamic acoustic levitator. Physics of Fluids. 1997 Nov 1;9(11):3300-3314.
Yarin, Alexander ; Brenn, G. ; Keller, J. ; Pfaffenlehner, M. ; Ryssel, E. ; Tropea, C. / Flowfield characteristics of an aerodynamic acoustic levitator. In: Physics of Fluids. 1997 ; Vol. 9, No. 11. pp. 3300-3314.
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