Fluorobenzotriazole (FTAZ)-Based Polymer Donor Enables Organic Solar Cells Exceeding 12% Efficiency

Zhihui Liao, Yuanpeng Xie, Lie Chen, Yun Tan, Shaorong Huang, Yongkang An, Hwa Sook Ryu, Xiangchuan Meng, Xunfan Liao, Bin Huang, Qian Xie, Han Young Woo, Yanming Sun, Yiwang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fluorobenzotriazole (FTAZ)-based copolymer donors are promising candidates for nonfullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs), but suffer from relatively low photovoltaic performance due to their unsuitable energy levels and unfavorable morphology. Herein, three polymer donors, L24, L68, and L810, based on a chlorinated-thienyl benzodithiophene (BDT-2Cl) unit and FTAZ with different branched alkyl side chain, are synthesized. Incorporation of a chlorine (Cl) atom into the BDT unit is found to distinctly optimize the molecular planarity, energy levels, and improve the polymerization activity. Impressively, subtle side chain length of FTAZ realizes a dramatic improvement in all the device parameters, as revealed by the short-current density (J sc ) improved from 7.41 to 20.76 mA cm −2 , fill-factor from 36.3 to 73.5%, and even the open-circuit voltage (V oc ) from 0.495 to 0.790 V. The best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.1% is obtained from the L810-based device, which is one of the highest values reported for FTAZ-based PSCs so far. Notably, the corresponding external quantum efficiency curve keeps a very prominent value up to 80% from 500 to 800 nm. The notable performance is discovered from the reduced energy loss, improved molecular face-on orientation, the down-shifted energy levels, and optimized absorption coefficient regulated by side-chain engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1808828
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 7

Fingerprint

Electron energy levels
Polymers
solar cells
energy levels
polymers
Chlorine
Open circuit voltage
open circuit voltage
Quantum efficiency
Chain length
Crystal orientation
Conversion efficiency
chlorine
quantum efficiency
Energy dissipation
copolymers
absorptivity
Current density
Copolymers
polymerization

Keywords

  • absorption coefficient
  • fluorobenzotriazole
  • quantum efficiency
  • side chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Fluorobenzotriazole (FTAZ)-Based Polymer Donor Enables Organic Solar Cells Exceeding 12% Efficiency. / Liao, Zhihui; Xie, Yuanpeng; Chen, Lie; Tan, Yun; Huang, Shaorong; An, Yongkang; Ryu, Hwa Sook; Meng, Xiangchuan; Liao, Xunfan; Huang, Bin; Xie, Qian; Woo, Han Young; Sun, Yanming; Chen, Yiwang.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, No. 10, 1808828, 07.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liao, Z, Xie, Y, Chen, L, Tan, Y, Huang, S, An, Y, Ryu, HS, Meng, X, Liao, X, Huang, B, Xie, Q, Woo, HY, Sun, Y & Chen, Y 2019, 'Fluorobenzotriazole (FTAZ)-Based Polymer Donor Enables Organic Solar Cells Exceeding 12% Efficiency', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 29, no. 10, 1808828. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201808828
Liao, Zhihui ; Xie, Yuanpeng ; Chen, Lie ; Tan, Yun ; Huang, Shaorong ; An, Yongkang ; Ryu, Hwa Sook ; Meng, Xiangchuan ; Liao, Xunfan ; Huang, Bin ; Xie, Qian ; Woo, Han Young ; Sun, Yanming ; Chen, Yiwang. / Fluorobenzotriazole (FTAZ)-Based Polymer Donor Enables Organic Solar Cells Exceeding 12% Efficiency. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 10.
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AU - Meng, Xiangchuan

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AU - Woo, Han Young

AU - Sun, Yanming

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AB - The fluorobenzotriazole (FTAZ)-based copolymer donors are promising candidates for nonfullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs), but suffer from relatively low photovoltaic performance due to their unsuitable energy levels and unfavorable morphology. Herein, three polymer donors, L24, L68, and L810, based on a chlorinated-thienyl benzodithiophene (BDT-2Cl) unit and FTAZ with different branched alkyl side chain, are synthesized. Incorporation of a chlorine (Cl) atom into the BDT unit is found to distinctly optimize the molecular planarity, energy levels, and improve the polymerization activity. Impressively, subtle side chain length of FTAZ realizes a dramatic improvement in all the device parameters, as revealed by the short-current density (J sc ) improved from 7.41 to 20.76 mA cm −2 , fill-factor from 36.3 to 73.5%, and even the open-circuit voltage (V oc ) from 0.495 to 0.790 V. The best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.1% is obtained from the L810-based device, which is one of the highest values reported for FTAZ-based PSCs so far. Notably, the corresponding external quantum efficiency curve keeps a very prominent value up to 80% from 500 to 800 nm. The notable performance is discovered from the reduced energy loss, improved molecular face-on orientation, the down-shifted energy levels, and optimized absorption coefficient regulated by side-chain engineering.

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