Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) transcription factor is a key oncogenic driver of aggressive human meningioma progression

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Abstract

Aims: Aggressive meningioma remains incurable with neither chemo- nor targeted therapies proven effective, largely due to unidentified genetic alterations and/or aberrant oncogenic pathways driving the disease progression. In this study, we examined the expression and function of Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) transcription factor during meningioma progression. Methods: Human meningioma samples (n = 101) were collected, followed by Western blotting, quantitative PCR, immunohistochemical and progression-free survival (PFS) analyses. For in vitro assays, FOXM1 was overexpressed or knocked-down in benign (SF4433 and SF4068) or malignant (SF3061 and IOMM-Lee) human meningioma cell lines respectively. For in vivo studies, siomycin A (a FOXM1 inhibitor)-pretreated or control IOMM-Lee cells were implanted subcutaneously in nude mice. Results: FOXM1 expression was increased in higher grades of meningioma and correlated with the mitotic index in the tumour tissue. Moreover, FOXM1 was increased in recurrent meningioma compared with the matched primary lesions. The patients who had higher FOXM1 expression had shorter PFS. In the subsequent in vitro assays, knockdown of FOXM1 in malignant meningioma cell lines resulted in decreased tumour cell proliferation, angiogenesis and invasion, potentially via regulation of β-catenin, cyclin D1, p21, interleukin-8, vascular endothelial growth factor-A, PLAU, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related genes, whereas overexpression of FOXM1 in benign meningioma cell lines had the opposite effects. Last, suppression of FOXM1 using a pharmacological inhibitor, siomycin A, decreased tumour growth in an in vivo mouse model. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that FOXM1 is a key transcription factor regulating oncogenic signalling pathways in meningioma progression, and a promising therapeutic target for aggressive meningioma.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • brain tumour
  • FOXM1
  • meningioma
  • progression
  • siomycin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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