Formation of compositional gradient profiles by using shear-induced polymer migration phenomenon under Couette flow field

Sang Hyuk Im, Su Jin Lee, Duck Jong Suh, O. Ok Park, Moo Hyun Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated whether a graded-index profile, specified by the polymer compositional gradient, could be formed using shear-induced polymer migration phenomenon in a polymer solution. For the presented model system, we generated a shear flow by rotating a glass rod at the center of a polystyrene/methylmethacrylate (PS/MMA) solution and measured the degree of polymer migration by the shear flow field by examining the concentration of polymer solution along the radial direction from the rotating axis to the periphery. Through model experiments, we formed a compositional gradient and controlled its profile in the solution by varying the concentration of polymer solution, molecular weight of polymer, and shear rate. Finally, we solidfied the gradient profiles by the polymerization of the PS/MMA solution and confirmed that the gradient profiles were maintained with a compositional gradient twice larger than the mother PS/MMA solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1422-1426
Number of pages5
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

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Methylmethacrylate
Polystyrenes
Flow fields
Polymers
Polymer solutions
Shear flow
Shear deformation
Molecular weight
Polymerization
Glass
Experiments

Keywords

  • Compositional Gradient
  • Graded Index
  • Polymer Migration
  • Polymer Optical Fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Formation of compositional gradient profiles by using shear-induced polymer migration phenomenon under Couette flow field. / Im, Sang Hyuk; Lee, Su Jin; Suh, Duck Jong; Park, O. Ok; Kwon, Moo Hyun.

In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 32, No. 7, 01.07.2015, p. 1422-1426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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