In rod spray forming, the preform changes its shape continually from that of a disc to a rod (transient-state rod growth) and then maintains its top surface profile once it has settled down (steady-state rod growth). The rod growth mechanism during spray forming was analyzed using rod-forming models. At a sufficiently high substrate rotation velocity, the calculated results based on the three-dimensional time-dependent model (3-D TDM) and the two-dimensional time-dependent model (2-D TDM) were observed to be identical. The calculated results of the rod's top shape, obtained by the TDMs, were almost identical to those obtained by the two-dimensional time-independent model (2-D TIM), which means that there exists steady-state rod growth. The effects of spray-forming parameters, such as initial eccentric distance, substrate withdrawal velocity, and spray angle, on the shape-evolution behavior were analyzed in terms of the vertex growth velocity. The optimum spray-forming condition to minimize transient-state rod growth was also presented. Experimental verification was made to confirm the proposed forming models.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys