Framingham risk score is associated with hearing outcomes in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Y. S. Chang, S. Park, M. K. Lee, Y. C. Rah, J. Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ObjectiveTo assess the Framingham risk score as a prognostic tool for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients.MethodsMedical records were reviewed for unilateral idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients between January 2010 and October 2017. The 10-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease was calculated. Patients were subdivided into groups: group 1 - Framingham risk score of less than 10 per cent (n = 28); group 2 - score of 10 to less than 20 per cent (n = 6); and group 3 - score of 20 per cent or higher (n = 5).ResultsInitial pure tone average and Framingham risk score were not significantly associated (p = 0.32). Thirteen patients in group 1 recovered completely (46.4 per cent), but none in groups 2 and 3 showed complete recovery. Initial pure tone average and Framingham risk score were significantly associated in multivariable linear regression analysis (R2 = 0.36). The regression coefficient was 0.33 (p = 0.003) for initial pure tone average and -0.67 (p = 0.005) for Framingham risk score.ConclusionFramingham risk score may be useful in predicting outcomes for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients, as those with a higher score showed poorer hearing recovery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Hearing Loss, Sudden
  • Risk Assessment
  • Steroids
  • Treatment Outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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