Highly porous alumina ceramics with completely interconnected pore channels were fabricated by freezing dilute alumina/camphene slurries with solid loadings ranging from 5 to 20 vol%. This method fundamentally made full use of the three-dimensional camphene dendritic network for producing interconnected pore channels and the concentrated alumina powder network for achieving dense alumina walls. Firstly, alumina/camphene slurries were prepared at 60°C using ball milling and then cast into molds at 20°C. After subliming the frozen camphene, the samples were sintered at 1400°C for 5 h. This method enabled us to freeze very dilute ceramic slurries with a low solid loading of ≤20 vol% without the collapse of the sample after sintering. As the initial solid loading decreased from 20 to 5 vol%, the porosity linearly increased from 66% to 90% with an increase in the pore size, while completely interconnected pore networks were obtained in all cases. In addition, the free surfaces of the alumina walls showed full densification after sintering even at a low temperature of 1400°C, while some pores were present in the inner regions of the alumina walls.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites