Frequent epigenetic inactivation of hSRBC in gastric cancer and its implication in attenuated p53 response to stresses

Jin H. Lee, Do S. Byun, Min G. Lee, Byung K. Ryu, Min J. Kang, Kwon Seok Chae, Kil Yeon Lee, Hyo Jong Kim, Heonyong Park, Sung-Gil Chi

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

hSRBC is a putative tumor suppressor located at 11p15.4, at which frequent genomic loss has been observed in several human malignancies. To explore the candidacy of hSRBC as a suppressor of gastric tumorigenesis, we analyzed the expression and mutation status of hSRBC in gastric tissues and cell lines. hSRBC transcript was expressed in all normal and benign tumor tissues examined, but undetectable or very low in 73% (11/15) cancer cell lines and 41% (46/111) primary tumors. Loss or reduction of hSRBC expression was tumor-specific and correlated with stage and grade of tumors. While allelic loss or somatic mutations of the gene were infrequent, its expression was restored in tumor cells by 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine treatment and aberrant hypermethylation of 23 CpG sites in the promoter region showed a tight association with altered expression. Transient or stable expression of hSRBC led to a G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of tumor cells, and strongly suppresses colony forming ability and xenograft tumor growth. In addition, hSRBC elevated apoptotic sensitivity of tumor cells to genotoxic agents, such as 5-FU, etoposide and ultraviolet. Interestingly, hSRBC increased the protein stability of p53 and expression of p53 target genes, such as p21Waf1, PUMA and NOXA, while hSRBC-mediated cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were abolished by blockade of p53 function. Our findings suggest that hSRBC is a novel tumor suppressor whose epigenetic inactivation contributes to the malignant progression of gastric tumors, in part, through attenuated p53 response to stresses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1573-1584
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume122
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • hSRBC
  • p53
  • Promoter hypermethylation
  • Tumor suppressor gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Medicine(all)
  • Oncology

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    Lee, J. H., Byun, D. S., Lee, M. G., Ryu, B. K., Kang, M. J., Chae, K. S., Lee, K. Y., Kim, H. J., Park, H., & Chi, S-G. (2008). Frequent epigenetic inactivation of hSRBC in gastric cancer and its implication in attenuated p53 response to stresses. International Journal of Cancer, 122(7), 1573-1584. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.23166