Three-dimensional (3D) porous-structured carbon nanotube (CNT) balls embedded with fullerene-like MoSe2 nanocrystals were successfully prepared by the spray pyrolysis process and subsequent selenization process. The MoO2-CNT composite balls prepared by spray pyrolysis transformed into the fullerene-like MoSe2/CNT (F-MoSe2/CNT) composite balls by the selenization process. The F-MoSe2/CNT composite balls exhibited superior sodium-ion storage properties to bare MoSe2 and MoSe2/CNT with a filled structure (N-MoSe2/CNT), both of which were prepared as comparison samples. The 250th discharge capacities of bare MoSe2, N-MoSe2/CNT composite balls, and F-MoSe2/CNT composite balls were 144, 200, and 296 mA h g-1, respectively, at a high current density of 1.0 A g-1, and their capacity retentions measured from the second cycle were 37%, 66%, and 83%, respectively. The 10th discharge capacities of the F-MoSe2/CNT composite balls were 382, 346, 310, 280, and 255 mA h g-1 at current densities of 0.2, 0.5, 1.5, 3.0, and 5.0 A g-1, respectively. The synergetic effect of the fullerene-like MoSe2 nanocrystals with ultrafine sizes and the CNT balls with a tangled and 3D porous structure and high electrical conductivity resulted in excellent sodium-ion storage properties of the F-MoSe2/CNT composite balls.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)