Fully blossomed WO3/BiVO4 structure obtained via active facet engineering of patterned FTO for highly efficient Water splitting

Sucheol Ju, Hae Jun Seok, Junho Jun, Daihong Huh, Soomin Son, Kwan Kim, Wonjoong Kim, Seungho Baek, Han Ki Kim, Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Materials with anisotropic properties have different electronic structures and photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance depending on the facet. Herein, we controlled the morphology of WO3 nanoflakes, and the ratio of the revealed WO3 facet using patterned F-doped SnO2 fabrication by means of direct printing. In the case of WO3 NF synthesized on patterned FTO (FB-WO3/BiVO4), the proportion of the (002) facet decreased and that of the (200) and (020) facets increased in comparison to the case when NF were synthesized on flat FTO (B-WO3/BiVO4). As the facet ratio changed, the band structure and efficiency changed. The photocurrent density of FB-WO3/BiVO4 was 1.50 mA/cm2, which was 34% higher than that of B-WO3/BiVO4 (1.12 mA/cm2) at 1.23 VRHE. Our results indicate that the efficiency of PEC water splitting can be increased by engineering the exposed facet according to the shape of the substrate, rather than varying the synthetic method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118362
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr



  • Direct printing
  • Facet engineering
  • Patterned FTO
  • PEC water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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