Our earlier study indicated that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-based detection and feedback of regional cortical activity from the auditory area enabled a group of individuals to increase the level of activation mediated by auditory attention during sound stimulation. The long-term ability to maintain an increased level of cortical activation, extending to a time period of a few weeks, however, has not been investigated. We used real-time fMRI to confirm the utility of fMRI in forming a basis for the regulation of brain function to increase the activation in the auditory areas, and demonstrated that the learned ability could be retained after a 2-week period, with additional involvement of an attention-related neural network.
- Brain-computer interface
- Learning and memory
- Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas