In this study, we present a thermally stable multilayered transparent conducting oxide (TCO) functionalized for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Nb-doped TiO 2 (NTO) layers deposited on conventional Sn-doped In 2O 3 (ITO) substrates using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) enhanced the optical-to-electrical conversion efficiency of the DSSCs by as much as 17% compared to that of bare ITO-based DSSCs. The electrical properties and J - V characteristics of the multilayered NTO/ITO films showed that the improved cell performance was due to the facilitated charge injection from TiO 2 to ITO that resulted from the formation of an ohmic contact with ITO, as well as the conserved high conductivity of ITO after the oxidizing annealing process. Moreover, the NTO/ITO-based DSSC exhibited higher efficiency than a F-doped SnO 2(FTO)-based one, which demonstrates that optimization of multilayered NTO-based TCOs is a realistic approach for achieving highly efficient photoenergy conversion devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films