Functional null mutations of MSRB3 encoding methionine sulfoxide reductase are associated with human deafness DFNB74

Zubair M. Ahmed, Rizwan Yousaf, Byung Cheon Lee, Shaheen N. Khan, Sue Lee, Kwanghyuk Lee, Tayyab Husnain, Atteeq Ur Rehman, Sarah Bonneux, Muhammad Ansar, Wasim Ahmad, Suzanne M. Leal, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Inna A. Belyantseva, Guy Van Camp, Sheikh Riazuddin, Thomas B. Friedman, Saima Riazuddin

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65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The DFNB74 locus for autosomal-recessive, nonsyndromic deafness segregating in three families was previously mapped to a 5.36 Mb interval on chromosome 12q14.2-q15. Subsequently, we ascertained five additional consanguineous families in which deafness segregated with markers at this locus and refined the critical interval to 2.31 Mb. We then sequenced the protein-coding exons of 18 genes in this interval. The affected individuals of six apparently unrelated families were homozygous for the same transversion (c.265T>G) in MSRB3, which encodes a zinc-containing methionine sulfoxide reductase B3. c.265T>G results in a substitution of glycine for cysteine (p.Cys89Gly), and this substitution cosegregates with deafness in the six DFNB74 families. This cysteine residue of MSRB3 is conserved in orthologs from yeast to humans and is involved in binding structural zinc. In vitro, p.Cys89Gly abolished zinc binding and MSRB3 enzymatic activity, indicating that p.Cys89Gly is a loss-of-function allele. The affected individuals in two other families were homozygous for a transition mutation (c.55T>C), which results in a nonsense mutation (p.Arg19X) in alternatively spliced exon 3, encoding a mitochondrial localization signal. This finding suggests that DFNB74 deafness is due to a mitochondrial dysfunction. In a cohort of 1,040 individuals (aged 53-67 years) of European ancestry, we found no association between 17 tagSNPs for MSRB3 and age-related hearing loss. Mouse Msrb3 is expressed widely. In the inner ear, it is found in the sensory epithelium of the organ of Corti and vestibular end organs as well as in cells of the spiral ganglion. Taken together, MSRB3-catalyzed reduction of methionine sulfoxides to methionine is essential for hearing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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