Functional polymorphism in manganese superoxide dismutase and antioxidant status: Their interactions on the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer

Seo Yun Tong, Jong Min Lee, Eun Seop Song, Kwang Beom Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Jae Kwan Lee, Sung Kyong Son, Jung Pil Lee, Jae Hoon Kim, Yong Il Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), the primary antioxidant enzyme in mitochondria, plays a key role in protecting cells from oxidative stress. Furthermore, the MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism is associated with enzyme activity. The authors evaluated the interaction between MnSOD genotypes and cervical carcinogenesis risk and the modulating effects of serum antioxidant nutrient status (β-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin/lutein, retinol, α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol). Methods: Cases and controls for this study were recruited between June 2006 and July 2007 (263 controls, 84 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 94 CIN 2/3, and 99 cases of cervical cancer). The MnSOD polymorphism at rs4880T/C was examined using SNaPshot assays. Serum antioxidant vitamin concentrations were measured by reverse-phase gradient high-pressure liquid chromatography. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated after adjusting for age, menopause, parity, oral contraceptive use, smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: No association was found between the MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism and cervical cancer. However, genotypes significantly modified the risk of cervical cancer in association with the serum statuses of micronutrients (Pinteraction < 0.05 for β-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin/lutein, α-tocopherol, and γ-tocopherol). Decreased CIN1 risk in association with the MnSOD rs4880 variant genotype was also observed particularly for subjects with higher β-carotene and γ-tocopherol levels. Similar results were observed for lycopene and α-tocopherol in relation to the risk of CIN2/3. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that a higher antioxidant micronutrients status may decrease the risk of CIN and cervical cancer and modify the effect of the MnSOD polymorphism on disease risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-276
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume115
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD)
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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