In order to investigate the relationship between radiation dose-rate and bacterial DNA damage as well as general cellular toxicity, two recombinant Escherichia coli strains, DPD2794 and GC2 were used. Following gamma-ray irradiation, these bioluminescent bacteria showed quantitative stress responses in terms of DNA damage and general toxicity depending on the dose rates of energy deposition, i.e. dose-rate of radiation. In addition, an inverse relationship was found, at lower dose rates between 0.5 and 1 Gy/h and a parabolic relationship at dose rates between 0.5 and 2.6 Gy/h.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)