Gas sensors using hierarchical and hollow oxide nanostructures: Overview

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1273 Citations (Scopus)


Hierarchical and hollow oxide nanostructures are very promising gas sensor materials due to their high surface area and well-aligned nanoporous structures with a less agglomerated configurations. Various synthetic strategies to prepare such hierarchical and hollow structures for gas sensor applications are reviewed and the principle parameters and mechanisms to enhance the gas sensing characteristics are investigated. The literature data clearly show that hierarchical and hollow nanostructures increase both the gas response and response speed simultaneously and substantially. This can be explained by the rapid and effective gas diffusion toward the entire sensing surfaces via the porous structures. Finally, the impact of highly sensitive and fast responding gas sensors using hierarchical and hollow nanostructures on future research directions is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-336
Number of pages18
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 18


  • Gas response
  • Gas response kinetics
  • Hierarchical nanostructures
  • Hollow structures
  • Oxide semiconductor gas sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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