Gastrointestinal and biliary stents

Hoon Jai Chun, Eun Sun Kim, Jong Jin Hyun, Yong Dae Kwon, Bora Keum, Chang Duck Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Advances in stent design have led to a substantial increase in the use of stents for a variety of malignant and benign strictures in the gastrointestinal tract and biliary system. Whereas early stents were mostly composed of plastic, the majority of contemporary stents are self-expanding metal stents that are composed of either nitinol or stainless steel. These stents are able to exert an adequate expansile force and, at the same time, are highly flexible and biocompatible. Covered stents have been introduced to minimize tumor ingrowth through the metal mesh but are associated with higher rates for spontaneous migration. This has led to the development of covered stents with uncovered ends and stents with both covered and uncovered layers. Drug-eluting and biodegradable stents are also likely to become available in the near future. Although stents appear to be the preferred form of palliation for some patients with advanced cancer, many patients will benefit from a multidisciplinary approach that usually includes surgeons and oncologists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-243
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb

Keywords

  • Biliary tract
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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    Chun, H. J., Kim, E. S., Hyun, J. J., Kwon, Y. D., Keum, B., & Kim, C. D. (2010). Gastrointestinal and biliary stents. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia), 25(2), 234-243. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1746.2009.06152.x