Gender and ethnic differences in cancer pain experience

A multiethnic survey in the United States

Eun Ok Im, Wonshik Chee, Enrique Guevara, Yi Liu, Hyun Ju Lim, Hsiu Min Tsai, Maresha Clark, Melinda Bender, Kyung Suk Kim, Young Hee Kim, Hyun-Jeong Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Inconsistent findings on ethnic differences in cancer pain experience suggest the need for further studies on this topic for adequate cancer pain management. OBJECTIVES:: To determine ethnic differences in cancer pain experience of four ethnic groups in the United States. METHODS:: A feminist perspective was used as the theoretical basis. This was a survey of a multiethnic sample of 480 cancer patients asking questions on sociodemographic characteristics and health or illness status, 3 unidimensional cancer pain scales, 2 multidimensional cancer pain scales, the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale, and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics including ANOVA and hierarchical multiple regression analyses. RESULTS:: The results indicated certain ethnic differences in types of pain and symptoms that patients experienced. Also, the results demonstrated significant ethnic differences in cancer pain and functional status. DISCUSSION:: The findings suggest further in-depth qualitative exploration on cultural values and beliefs related to cancer pain in each ethnic group and national studies with a larger number of ethnic minorities on this topic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-306
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Research
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ethnic Groups
Symptom Assessment
Pain Management
Cancer Pain
Surveys and Questionnaires
Neoplasms
Analysis of Variance
Regression Analysis
Pain
Health
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Ethnicity
  • Gender
  • Pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Gender and ethnic differences in cancer pain experience : A multiethnic survey in the United States. / Im, Eun Ok; Chee, Wonshik; Guevara, Enrique; Liu, Yi; Lim, Hyun Ju; Tsai, Hsiu Min; Clark, Maresha; Bender, Melinda; Suk Kim, Kyung; Hee Kim, Young; Shin, Hyun-Jeong.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 56, No. 5, 01.09.2007, p. 296-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Im, EO, Chee, W, Guevara, E, Liu, Y, Lim, HJ, Tsai, HM, Clark, M, Bender, M, Suk Kim, K, Hee Kim, Y & Shin, H-J 2007, 'Gender and ethnic differences in cancer pain experience: A multiethnic survey in the United States', Nursing Research, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 296-306. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NNR.0000289502.45284.b5
Im, Eun Ok ; Chee, Wonshik ; Guevara, Enrique ; Liu, Yi ; Lim, Hyun Ju ; Tsai, Hsiu Min ; Clark, Maresha ; Bender, Melinda ; Suk Kim, Kyung ; Hee Kim, Young ; Shin, Hyun-Jeong. / Gender and ethnic differences in cancer pain experience : A multiethnic survey in the United States. In: Nursing Research. 2007 ; Vol. 56, No. 5. pp. 296-306.
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