Gender differences in suicidal ideation and related factors among North Korean refugees in South Korea

Jin Won Noh, Hyunchun Park, Young Dae Kwon, In Hye Kim, Yo Han Lee, Yoon Jung Kim, Sin Gon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective According to previous social survey, a high number of North Korean refugees (NKRs) in South Korea had suicidal ideation. The purpose of this study is to examine the related factors for suicidal ideation among NKRs by gender in South Korea. Methods We examined the sample of NKRs, 701 subjects (men=160, women=-541) residing in South Korea, the participants were enrolled from October 2008 to May 2014. The related factors with suicidal ideation in NKRs were analyzed via a logistic regression analysis. Results Refugee women were more likely to have suicidal ideation than men were. Although thoughts of suicide do not necessarily mean that they will follow through, however, there is an association that the higher rate of suicide also results in a higher rate of attempted suicide. In both genders, they tended to think more frequently about suicide who had stayed in South Korea for more than 5 years. In addition, higher frequencies of suicidal ideation also associated with higher level of perceived stress in both genders. Conclusion The gender difference should be addressed when designing suicide prevention interventions among the North Korean population in South Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-769
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Suicidal Ideation
Republic of Korea
Refugees
Suicide
Attempted Suicide
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Population

Keywords

  • Gender differences
  • North Korean refugees
  • Suicidal ideation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Gender differences in suicidal ideation and related factors among North Korean refugees in South Korea. / Noh, Jin Won; Park, Hyunchun; Kwon, Young Dae; Kim, In Hye; Lee, Yo Han; Kim, Yoon Jung; Kim, Sin Gon.

In: Psychiatry Investigation, Vol. 14, No. 6, 01.11.2017, p. 762-769.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Noh, Jin Won ; Park, Hyunchun ; Kwon, Young Dae ; Kim, In Hye ; Lee, Yo Han ; Kim, Yoon Jung ; Kim, Sin Gon. / Gender differences in suicidal ideation and related factors among North Korean refugees in South Korea. In: Psychiatry Investigation. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 762-769.
@article{258a0f517b814336a89e8ea41c67edd1,
title = "Gender differences in suicidal ideation and related factors among North Korean refugees in South Korea",
abstract = "Objective According to previous social survey, a high number of North Korean refugees (NKRs) in South Korea had suicidal ideation. The purpose of this study is to examine the related factors for suicidal ideation among NKRs by gender in South Korea. Methods We examined the sample of NKRs, 701 subjects (men=160, women=-541) residing in South Korea, the participants were enrolled from October 2008 to May 2014. The related factors with suicidal ideation in NKRs were analyzed via a logistic regression analysis. Results Refugee women were more likely to have suicidal ideation than men were. Although thoughts of suicide do not necessarily mean that they will follow through, however, there is an association that the higher rate of suicide also results in a higher rate of attempted suicide. In both genders, they tended to think more frequently about suicide who had stayed in South Korea for more than 5 years. In addition, higher frequencies of suicidal ideation also associated with higher level of perceived stress in both genders. Conclusion The gender difference should be addressed when designing suicide prevention interventions among the North Korean population in South Korea.",
keywords = "Gender differences, North Korean refugees, Suicidal ideation",
author = "Noh, {Jin Won} and Hyunchun Park and Kwon, {Young Dae} and Kim, {In Hye} and Lee, {Yo Han} and Kim, {Yoon Jung} and Kim, {Sin Gon}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4306/pi.2017.14.6.762",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "762--769",
journal = "Psychiatry Investigation",
issn = "1738-3684",
publisher = "Korean Neuropsychiatric Association",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in suicidal ideation and related factors among North Korean refugees in South Korea

AU - Noh, Jin Won

AU - Park, Hyunchun

AU - Kwon, Young Dae

AU - Kim, In Hye

AU - Lee, Yo Han

AU - Kim, Yoon Jung

AU - Kim, Sin Gon

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Objective According to previous social survey, a high number of North Korean refugees (NKRs) in South Korea had suicidal ideation. The purpose of this study is to examine the related factors for suicidal ideation among NKRs by gender in South Korea. Methods We examined the sample of NKRs, 701 subjects (men=160, women=-541) residing in South Korea, the participants were enrolled from October 2008 to May 2014. The related factors with suicidal ideation in NKRs were analyzed via a logistic regression analysis. Results Refugee women were more likely to have suicidal ideation than men were. Although thoughts of suicide do not necessarily mean that they will follow through, however, there is an association that the higher rate of suicide also results in a higher rate of attempted suicide. In both genders, they tended to think more frequently about suicide who had stayed in South Korea for more than 5 years. In addition, higher frequencies of suicidal ideation also associated with higher level of perceived stress in both genders. Conclusion The gender difference should be addressed when designing suicide prevention interventions among the North Korean population in South Korea.

AB - Objective According to previous social survey, a high number of North Korean refugees (NKRs) in South Korea had suicidal ideation. The purpose of this study is to examine the related factors for suicidal ideation among NKRs by gender in South Korea. Methods We examined the sample of NKRs, 701 subjects (men=160, women=-541) residing in South Korea, the participants were enrolled from October 2008 to May 2014. The related factors with suicidal ideation in NKRs were analyzed via a logistic regression analysis. Results Refugee women were more likely to have suicidal ideation than men were. Although thoughts of suicide do not necessarily mean that they will follow through, however, there is an association that the higher rate of suicide also results in a higher rate of attempted suicide. In both genders, they tended to think more frequently about suicide who had stayed in South Korea for more than 5 years. In addition, higher frequencies of suicidal ideation also associated with higher level of perceived stress in both genders. Conclusion The gender difference should be addressed when designing suicide prevention interventions among the North Korean population in South Korea.

KW - Gender differences

KW - North Korean refugees

KW - Suicidal ideation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034232699&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034232699&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4306/pi.2017.14.6.762

DO - 10.4306/pi.2017.14.6.762

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85034232699

VL - 14

SP - 762

EP - 769

JO - Psychiatry Investigation

JF - Psychiatry Investigation

SN - 1738-3684

IS - 6

ER -