Gender differences of the morphology of the distal femur and proximal tibia in a Korean population

Hong Chul Lim, Ji Hoon Bae, Ji Yeol Yoon, Seung Ju Kim, Jae Gyoon Kim, Jae Moon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: We conducted this study to determine whether the sizes of distal femurs and proximal tibiae in Korean men and women are different, and to assess suitability of the sizes of prostheses currently used in Korea. Materials and methods: We performed morphological analysis of proximal tibia and distal femur on 115 patients (56 male, 59 female) using MRI to investigate a gender difference. Tibial mediolateral dimension (tMAP), tibial medial anteroposterior dimension (tMAP), tibial lateral anteroposterior dimension (tLAP) femoral mediolateral dimension (fML), femoral medial anteroposterior dimension (fMAP), and femoral lateral anteroposterior dimension (fLAP) were measured. The ratio of tMAP and tLAP to tML (plateau aspect ratio, tAP/tML × 100%), and that of fMAP and fLAP to fML (condylar aspect ratio, fAP/fML × 100%) were calculated. The measurements were compared with the similar dimensions of four total knee implants currently used. Results: The tML and tAP lengths showed a significant gender difference (P<0.05). The plateau aspect ratio (tMAP/tML) revealed a significant difference between male (0.74±0.05) and female (0.68±0.04, P<0.05). For morphotype of distal femur, males were found to have significantly large values (P<0.05) in the parameters, except for fLAP. With regards to the ratio of the ML width to the AP length, the women showed a narrower ML width than the men. Both genders were distributed within the range of the dimensions of the prostheses currently used prostheses. Conclusions: Korean population revealed that women have smaller dimensions than male counterparts. In both genders, a relatively small size of prostheses matches distal femur and proximal tibia better among the implants currently used in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Arthroplasty
  • Femur
  • Gender difference
  • Knee
  • Tibia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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