General Strategy for Designing Highly Selective Gas-Sensing Nanoreactors: Morphological Control of SnO2Hollow Spheres and Configurational Tuning of Au Catalysts

Sei Woong Park, Seong Yong Jeong, Ji Wook Yoon, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalyst-loaded hollow spheres are effective at detecting ethanol with high chemical reactivity. However, this has limited the widespread use of catalyst-loaded hollow spheres in designing highly selective gas sensors to less-reactive gases such as aromatics (e.g., xylene). Herein, we report the preparation of xylene-selective Au-SnO2 nanoreactors by loading Au nanoclusters on the inner surface of SnO2 hollow shells using the layer-by-layer assembly technique. The results revealed that the sensor based on SnO2 hollow spheres loaded with Au nanoclusters on the inner surface exhibited unprecedentedly high xylene selectivity and an ultrahigh xylene response, high enough to be used for indoor air quality monitoring, whereas the sensor based on SnO2 hollow spheres loaded with Au nanoclusters on the outer surface exhibited the typical ethanol-sensitive sensing behaviors as frequently reported in the literature. In addition, the xylene selectivity and response were optimized when the hollow shell was sufficiently thin (∼25 nm) and semipermeable (pore size = ∼3.5 nm), while the selectivity and response decreased when the shell was thick or highly gas permeable with large mesopores (∼30 nm). Accordingly, the underlying mechanism responsible for the unprecedentedly high xylene sensing performance is discussed in relation to the configuration of the loaded Au nanoclusters and the morphological characteristics including shell thickness and pore size distribution. This novel nanoreactor concept can be widely used to design highly selective gas sensors especially to less-reactive gases such as aromatics, aldehydes, and ketones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51607-51615
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume12
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 18

Keywords

  • gas sensors
  • nanoreactors
  • reforming reactions
  • selectivity control
  • xylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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