Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems

Yong Tae Kang, Weibo Chen, Richard N. Christensen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper develops a generalized design model using combined heat and mass transfer analysis for components used in absorption heat pump systems. The model can be applied to the design of an absorber, desorber, rectifier, condenser, or evaporator in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems. The physical significance of the ammonia composition in the absorbing/desorbing vapor, z, was studied. A composition map was generated by solving the diffusion and mass balance equations simultaneously for each component. It was found that the ammonia concentration in the absorbing/desorbing vapor cannot be found using only the liquid concentration or vapor concentration but must be determined using combined heat and mass transfer analysis. The composition of ammonia, z, should be z < x 1 for the rectifier, x 1 < z < x vb for condensers, x vb < z for absorbers, x vi < z for desorbers, and x 1 < z < x vi for evaporators. The results show that the mass transfer of ammonia and water is in the same direction for the rectifier, evaporator, and condenser, while it may be in the opposite direction for the absorber and desorber. The generalized design model developed in this paper can be used to investigate the effects of variable parameters, such as the heat transfer coefficient in each region, the vapor velocity, and the temperature deviation from the equilibrium, on the performance of each component.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASHRAE Transactions
PublisherASHRAE
Pages444-453
Number of pages10
Volume103
Edition1
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1997 ASHRAE Winter Meeting - Philadelphia, PA, USA
Duration: 1997 Jan 261997 Jan 29

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1997 ASHRAE Winter Meeting
CityPhiladelphia, PA, USA
Period97/1/2697/1/29

Fingerprint

Heat pump systems
Ammonia
Evaporators
Mass transfer
Vapors
Heat transfer
Chemical analysis
Heat transfer coefficients
Water
Liquids
Temperature
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Kang, Y. T., Chen, W., & Christensen, R. N. (1997). Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems In ASHRAE Transactions (1 ed., Vol. 103, pp. 444-453). ASHRAE.

Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems . / Kang, Yong Tae; Chen, Weibo; Christensen, Richard N.

ASHRAE Transactions. Vol. 103 1. ed. ASHRAE, 1997. p. 444-453.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kang, YT, Chen, W & Christensen, RN 1997, Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems in ASHRAE Transactions. 1 edn, vol. 103, ASHRAE, pp. 444-453, Proceedings of the 1997 ASHRAE Winter Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 97/1/26.
Kang YT, Chen W, Christensen RN. Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems In ASHRAE Transactions. 1 ed. Vol. 103. ASHRAE. 1997. p. 444-453
Kang, Yong Tae ; Chen, Weibo ; Christensen, Richard N. / Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems ASHRAE Transactions. Vol. 103 1. ed. ASHRAE, 1997. pp. 444-453
@inproceedings{3d9882b5da384fb381f8d8b39b6ae552,
title = "Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems",
abstract = "This paper develops a generalized design model using combined heat and mass transfer analysis for components used in absorption heat pump systems. The model can be applied to the design of an absorber, desorber, rectifier, condenser, or evaporator in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems. The physical significance of the ammonia composition in the absorbing/desorbing vapor, z, was studied. A composition map was generated by solving the diffusion and mass balance equations simultaneously for each component. It was found that the ammonia concentration in the absorbing/desorbing vapor cannot be found using only the liquid concentration or vapor concentration but must be determined using combined heat and mass transfer analysis. The composition of ammonia, z, should be z < x 1 for the rectifier, x 1 < z < x vb for condensers, x vb < z for absorbers, x vi < z for desorbers, and x 1 < z < x vi for evaporators. The results show that the mass transfer of ammonia and water is in the same direction for the rectifier, evaporator, and condenser, while it may be in the opposite direction for the absorber and desorber. The generalized design model developed in this paper can be used to investigate the effects of variable parameters, such as the heat transfer coefficient in each region, the vapor velocity, and the temperature deviation from the equilibrium, on the performance of each component.",
author = "Kang, {Yong Tae} and Weibo Chen and Christensen, {Richard N.}",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
pages = "444--453",
booktitle = "ASHRAE Transactions",
publisher = "ASHRAE",
edition = "1",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Generalized component design model by combined heat and mass transfer analysis in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems

AU - Kang, Yong Tae

AU - Chen, Weibo

AU - Christensen, Richard N.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - This paper develops a generalized design model using combined heat and mass transfer analysis for components used in absorption heat pump systems. The model can be applied to the design of an absorber, desorber, rectifier, condenser, or evaporator in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems. The physical significance of the ammonia composition in the absorbing/desorbing vapor, z, was studied. A composition map was generated by solving the diffusion and mass balance equations simultaneously for each component. It was found that the ammonia concentration in the absorbing/desorbing vapor cannot be found using only the liquid concentration or vapor concentration but must be determined using combined heat and mass transfer analysis. The composition of ammonia, z, should be z < x 1 for the rectifier, x 1 < z < x vb for condensers, x vb < z for absorbers, x vi < z for desorbers, and x 1 < z < x vi for evaporators. The results show that the mass transfer of ammonia and water is in the same direction for the rectifier, evaporator, and condenser, while it may be in the opposite direction for the absorber and desorber. The generalized design model developed in this paper can be used to investigate the effects of variable parameters, such as the heat transfer coefficient in each region, the vapor velocity, and the temperature deviation from the equilibrium, on the performance of each component.

AB - This paper develops a generalized design model using combined heat and mass transfer analysis for components used in absorption heat pump systems. The model can be applied to the design of an absorber, desorber, rectifier, condenser, or evaporator in NH 3-H 2O absorption heat pump systems. The physical significance of the ammonia composition in the absorbing/desorbing vapor, z, was studied. A composition map was generated by solving the diffusion and mass balance equations simultaneously for each component. It was found that the ammonia concentration in the absorbing/desorbing vapor cannot be found using only the liquid concentration or vapor concentration but must be determined using combined heat and mass transfer analysis. The composition of ammonia, z, should be z < x 1 for the rectifier, x 1 < z < x vb for condensers, x vb < z for absorbers, x vi < z for desorbers, and x 1 < z < x vi for evaporators. The results show that the mass transfer of ammonia and water is in the same direction for the rectifier, evaporator, and condenser, while it may be in the opposite direction for the absorber and desorber. The generalized design model developed in this paper can be used to investigate the effects of variable parameters, such as the heat transfer coefficient in each region, the vapor velocity, and the temperature deviation from the equilibrium, on the performance of each component.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030672815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030672815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 103

SP - 444

EP - 453

BT - ASHRAE Transactions

PB - ASHRAE

ER -