This paper studies precoder designs for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) in multi-input multi-output (MIMO) channels, where a transmitter sends information to information decoding (ID) users while satisfying the minimum energy requirement of energy harvesting users. In contrast to the previous designs focused only on maximum information rate (MIR), we propose a more general and simpler solution using the weighted minimum mean squared error (WMMSE) criterion. To solve the SWIPT-WMMSE problem which is generally non-convex, we suggest two different design schemes, separate and joint designs. Interestingly, it is shown that the joint design achieves optimal performance with a single initial point and a few iterations, while the separate design needs a large number of iterations and initial points to approach the optimum. Based on the observation, we propose a simple closed-form solution, which is shown to achieve near optimal performance with reduced complexity. The derived solution can be adopted in various pragmatic applications of MIMO communications, such as the MMSE, quality-of-service, equal error designs, as well as the MIR by adjusting the weight matrix. We also confirm that our design strategies are a great use for managing co-channel interference in multiple ID-user scenarios. Finally, simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed MIMO-SWIPT framework.
- Closed-form solution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics