Generation of induced pluripotent stem cells without genetic defects by small molecules

Hang Soo Park, Insik Hwang, Kyung Ah Choi, Hyesun Jeong, Ji-Yun Lee, Sunghoi Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) often causes genetic and epigenetic defects, which may limit their clinical applications. Here, we show that reprogramming in the presence of small molecules preserved the genomic stability of iPSCs by inhibiting DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and activating Zscan4 gene. Surprisingly, the small molecules protected normal karyotype by facilitating repair of the DSBs that occurred during the early reprogramming process and long-term culture of iPSCs. The stemness and cell growth of iPSCs(+) were normally sustained with high expression of pluripotency genes compared that of iPSCs(-). Moreover, small molecules maintained the differentiation potential of iPSCs(+) for the three germ layers, whereas it was lost in iPSCs(-). Our results demonstrate that the defined small molecules are potent factors for generation of high quality iPSCs with preservation of genomic integrity by facilitating the reprogramming process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-58
Number of pages12
JournalBiomaterials
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Stem cells
Defects
Molecules
Genes
Germ Layers
Double-Stranded DNA Breaks
Genomic Instability
Cell growth
Karyotype
Cell culture
Epigenomics
DNA
Repair
Gene Expression
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Generation of induced pluripotent stem cells without genetic defects by small molecules. / Park, Hang Soo; Hwang, Insik; Choi, Kyung Ah; Jeong, Hyesun; Lee, Ji-Yun; Hong, Sunghoi.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 39, 01.01.2015, p. 47-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Hang Soo ; Hwang, Insik ; Choi, Kyung Ah ; Jeong, Hyesun ; Lee, Ji-Yun ; Hong, Sunghoi. / Generation of induced pluripotent stem cells without genetic defects by small molecules. In: Biomaterials. 2015 ; Vol. 39. pp. 47-58.
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