Genesis and age constraints on gold deposits of the Daerae mine, Sangju area, central-northern Sobaegsan Massif, Korea

Seong Taek Yun, Seung Jun Youm, Chil Sup So, Seon-Gyu Choi, De Quan Zhang, Yong Kwon Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gold mineralization of the Daerae mine represents the first recognized example of the Jurassic gold mineralization in the Sangju area, Korea. It occurs as a single stage of quartz veins that fill fault fractures in Precambrian gneiss of the central-northern Sobaegsan Massif. The mineralogical characteristics of quartz veins, such as the simple mineralogy and relatively gold-rich (65-72 atomic % Au) nature of electrum, as well as the CO2-rich and low salinity nature of fluid inclusions, are consistent with the 'mesothermal-type' gold deposits previously recognized in the Youngdong area (about 50 km southwest of the Sangju area). Ore fluids were evolved mainly through CO2 immiscibility at temperatures between about 250 and 325°C. Vein sulfides characteristically have negative sulfur isotopic values (-1.9 to +0.2 ‰), which have been very rarely reported in South Korea, and possibly indicate the derivation of sulfur from an ilmenite-series granite melt. The calculated O and H isotopic compositions of hydrothermal fluids at Daerae (δ18Owater = +5.2 to +5.9 ‰; δDwater = -59 to -67 ‰) are very similar to those from the Youngdong area, and indicate the important role of magmatic water in gold mineralization. The 40Ar-39Ar age dating of a pure alteration sericite sample yields a high-temperature plateau age of 188.3 ± 0.1 Ma, indicating an early Jurassic age for the gold mineralization at Daerae. The lower temperature Ar-Ar plateau defines an age of 158.4 ± 2.0 Ma (middle Jurassic), interpreted as reset by a subsequent thermal effect after quartz vein formation. The younger plateau age is the same as the previously reported K-Ar ages (145-171 Ma) for the other 'mesothermal-type' gold deposits in the Youngdong and Jungwon areas, Korea, which are too young in view of the new Jurassic Ar-Ar plateau age (around 188 Ma).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-215
Number of pages11
JournalResource Geology
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Gold deposits
Gold
gold
Quartz
quartz vein
Jurassic
plateau
mineralization
Sulfur
Fluids
Mineralogy
Sulfides
sulfur
Thermal effects
Temperature
Ores
immiscibility
Solubility
ilmenite
hydrothermal fluid

Keywords

  • Argon-argon age
  • Daerae mine
  • Fluid inclusions
  • Gold
  • Korea
  • Sangju area
  • Stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geology

Cite this

Genesis and age constraints on gold deposits of the Daerae mine, Sangju area, central-northern Sobaegsan Massif, Korea. / Yun, Seong Taek; Youm, Seung Jun; So, Chil Sup; Choi, Seon-Gyu; Zhang, De Quan; Koh, Yong Kwon.

In: Resource Geology, Vol. 51, No. 3, 01.12.2001, p. 205-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yun, Seong Taek ; Youm, Seung Jun ; So, Chil Sup ; Choi, Seon-Gyu ; Zhang, De Quan ; Koh, Yong Kwon. / Genesis and age constraints on gold deposits of the Daerae mine, Sangju area, central-northern Sobaegsan Massif, Korea. In: Resource Geology. 2001 ; Vol. 51, No. 3. pp. 205-215.
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AU - Zhang, De Quan

AU - Koh, Yong Kwon

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N2 - Gold mineralization of the Daerae mine represents the first recognized example of the Jurassic gold mineralization in the Sangju area, Korea. It occurs as a single stage of quartz veins that fill fault fractures in Precambrian gneiss of the central-northern Sobaegsan Massif. The mineralogical characteristics of quartz veins, such as the simple mineralogy and relatively gold-rich (65-72 atomic % Au) nature of electrum, as well as the CO2-rich and low salinity nature of fluid inclusions, are consistent with the 'mesothermal-type' gold deposits previously recognized in the Youngdong area (about 50 km southwest of the Sangju area). Ore fluids were evolved mainly through CO2 immiscibility at temperatures between about 250 and 325°C. Vein sulfides characteristically have negative sulfur isotopic values (-1.9 to +0.2 ‰), which have been very rarely reported in South Korea, and possibly indicate the derivation of sulfur from an ilmenite-series granite melt. The calculated O and H isotopic compositions of hydrothermal fluids at Daerae (δ18Owater = +5.2 to +5.9 ‰; δDwater = -59 to -67 ‰) are very similar to those from the Youngdong area, and indicate the important role of magmatic water in gold mineralization. The 40Ar-39Ar age dating of a pure alteration sericite sample yields a high-temperature plateau age of 188.3 ± 0.1 Ma, indicating an early Jurassic age for the gold mineralization at Daerae. The lower temperature Ar-Ar plateau defines an age of 158.4 ± 2.0 Ma (middle Jurassic), interpreted as reset by a subsequent thermal effect after quartz vein formation. The younger plateau age is the same as the previously reported K-Ar ages (145-171 Ma) for the other 'mesothermal-type' gold deposits in the Youngdong and Jungwon areas, Korea, which are too young in view of the new Jurassic Ar-Ar plateau age (around 188 Ma).

AB - Gold mineralization of the Daerae mine represents the first recognized example of the Jurassic gold mineralization in the Sangju area, Korea. It occurs as a single stage of quartz veins that fill fault fractures in Precambrian gneiss of the central-northern Sobaegsan Massif. The mineralogical characteristics of quartz veins, such as the simple mineralogy and relatively gold-rich (65-72 atomic % Au) nature of electrum, as well as the CO2-rich and low salinity nature of fluid inclusions, are consistent with the 'mesothermal-type' gold deposits previously recognized in the Youngdong area (about 50 km southwest of the Sangju area). Ore fluids were evolved mainly through CO2 immiscibility at temperatures between about 250 and 325°C. Vein sulfides characteristically have negative sulfur isotopic values (-1.9 to +0.2 ‰), which have been very rarely reported in South Korea, and possibly indicate the derivation of sulfur from an ilmenite-series granite melt. The calculated O and H isotopic compositions of hydrothermal fluids at Daerae (δ18Owater = +5.2 to +5.9 ‰; δDwater = -59 to -67 ‰) are very similar to those from the Youngdong area, and indicate the important role of magmatic water in gold mineralization. The 40Ar-39Ar age dating of a pure alteration sericite sample yields a high-temperature plateau age of 188.3 ± 0.1 Ma, indicating an early Jurassic age for the gold mineralization at Daerae. The lower temperature Ar-Ar plateau defines an age of 158.4 ± 2.0 Ma (middle Jurassic), interpreted as reset by a subsequent thermal effect after quartz vein formation. The younger plateau age is the same as the previously reported K-Ar ages (145-171 Ma) for the other 'mesothermal-type' gold deposits in the Youngdong and Jungwon areas, Korea, which are too young in view of the new Jurassic Ar-Ar plateau age (around 188 Ma).

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