Genetic Characteristics Associated With Drug Resistance in Lung Cancer and Colorectal Cancer Using Whole Exome Sequencing of Cell-Free DNA

Jong Won Lee, Young Soo Park, Jung Yoon Choi, Won Jin Chang, Soohyeon Lee, Jae Sook Sung, Boyeon Kim, Saet Byeol Lee, Sung Yong Lee, Jungmin Choi, Yeul Hong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) can be used to characterize tumor genomes through next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based approaches. We aim to identify novel genetic alterations associated with drug resistance in lung cancer and colorectal cancer patients who were treated with EGFR-targeted therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy through whole exome sequencing (WES) of cfDNA. A cohort of 18 lung cancer patients was treated with EGFR TKI or cytotoxic chemotherapy, and a cohort of 37 colorectal cancer patients was treated with EGFR monoclonal antibody or cytotoxic chemotherapy alone. Serum samples were drawn before and after development of drug resistance, and the genetic mutational profile was analyzed with WES data. For 110 paired cfDNA and matched germline DNA WES samples, mean coverage of 138x (range, 52–208.4x) and 47x (range, 30.5–125.1x) was achieved, respectively. After excluding synonymous variants, mutants identified in more than two patients at the time of acquired resistance were selected. Seven genes in lung cancer and 16 genes in colorectal cancer were found, namely, APC, TP53, KRAS, SMAD4, and EGFR. In addition, the GPR155 I357S mutation in lung cancer and ADAMTS20 S1597P and TTN R7415H mutations in colorectal cancer were frequently detected at the time of acquired resistance, indicating that these mutations have an important function in acquired resistance to chemotherapy. Our data suggest that novel genetic variants associated with drug resistance can be identified using cfDNA WES. Further validation is necessary, but these candidate genes are promising therapeutic targets for overcoming drug resistance in lung cancer and colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number843561
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 24

Keywords

  • circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA)
  • colorectal cancer
  • drug resistance
  • lung cancer
  • whole exome sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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