Genomic and phenotypic analyses of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii NCCP 16007 isolated from a patient with a urinary tract infection

Misung Kim, Jaeeun Park, Woojun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymyxin B (PMB) is increasingly used as a last-line antibiotic; however, the emergence of PMB resistance is a serious threat to global health. Here, a total of 40 Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates were collected to screen for PMB-resistant strains. Several clinical isolates including NCCP 16007 were far more resistant to PMB (MIC: 128–256 μg/ml) than the ATCC 17978 strain (MIC: 2 μg/ml) and appeared to possess resistance to broad-spectrum antibiotics including meropenem and 12 others. Four highly PMB-resistant strains possessed point mutations in the histidine kinase PmrB, leading to an increased expression of pmrC encoding a phosphoethanolamine transferase. Whole-genome analyses revealed that the NCCP 16007 stain had acquired two additional copies of the pmrC gene with phage integrase and 13 antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) from other pathogens, including Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The GC ratios of the ARGs (50–60%) were higher than that of the chromosomal backbone (39.06%), further supporting the horizontal gene transfer of ARGs. Comparative genomics with other multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains revealed that the NCCP 16007 strain has many additional ARGs and has lost several virulence factors including Csu pili and heme oxygenase but exhibited high pathogenicity in Galleria mellonella-infection models. The observation of condensed biofilm through confocal and scanning electron microscopy suggested that the NCCP 16007 strain may possess high adhesion capacity during urinary tract infection. Therefore, our genomic and phenotypic analyses suggested that the multidrug-resistant A. baumannii NCCP 16007 strain possesses high genome plasticity, natural transformation ability, and pathogenicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-164
Number of pages15
JournalVirulence
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • antibiotic resistance
  • carbapenem-resistance
  • horizontal gene transfer
  • polymyxin B-resistance
  • whole-genome analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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