Genomic Landscape and Clinical Utility in Korean Advanced Pan-Cancer Patients from Prospective Clinical Sequencing: K-MASTER Program

Kyong Hwa Park, Jung Yoon Choi, Ah Reum Lim, Ju Won Kim, Yoon Ji Choi, Soohyeon Lee, Jae Sook Sung, Hee Joon Chung, Byunghyun Jang, Dayoung Yoon, Sukwon Kim, Jason K. Sa, Yeul Hong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fundamental principle of precision oncology is centralized on the identification of therapeutically exploitable targets that provides individual patients with cancer an opportunity to make informed decisions on a personalized level. To facilitate and adopt such concepts within clinical practice, we have initiated a nationwide, multi-institutional precision oncology screening program to examine and enroll patients into the most appropriate clinical trial based on their tumor’s unique molecular properties. To determine the prevalence of essential major driver mutations and to explore their dynamic associations at both molecular and pathway levels, we present a comprehensive overview on the genomic properties of East Asian patients with cancer. We further delineate the extent of genomic diversity as well as clinical actionability in patients from Western and Eastern cultures at the pan-cancer and single-tumor entity levels. To support fellow oncology communities in future investigations involving large-scale analysis, all data have been made accessible to the public (https://kmportal.or.kr). SIGNIFICANCE: We present a comprehensive overview of molecular properties of East Asian pan-can-cer patients and demonstrate significant diversity in terms of genomic characteristics as well as clinical utility compared with patients with European ancestry. The results of this study will lay the groundwork for designing personalized treatments in the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-948
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Discovery
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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