Geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension in middle-aged men and women in Korea: The Korean Health and Genome Study

B. G. Kim, Jong Tae Park, Y. Ahn, K. Kimm, Chol Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To compare geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in between urban (Ansan) and rural (Ansung) Korean adults aged 40-69 years, 4351 men and 4604 women enrolled in the Korean Health and Genome Study were analysed. Information was collected regarding gender, alcohol intake, smoking status, household income, occupation, and years of education by trained interviewers. Eligible subjects included untreated hypertensive and normotensive subjects. ISH was defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mmHg and diastolic BP <90mmHg. The overall age-adjusted prevalence of ISH was 4.1%. The prevalence of ISH in Ansung (5.7%) was higher than in Ansan (2.5%, P<0.05). Also it increased with increments of age, from 1.0 to 12.8% in Ansung (P<0.05) and from 0.3 to 13.0% in Ansan (P<0.05). In those with body mass index (BMI) ≥30.0kg/ m2 in Ansung, the prevalence of ISH in women was twice as much as in men. The prevalence of ISH in obese men and women with a waist -hip ratio ≥1.0 and ≥0.85, respectively, was more than that of nonobese men and women in both areas. In Korea, because of industrialization, the age distribution was skewed and the Korean population in rural areas is more aged. ISH will become a truly major health problem in rural area, because ISH is related to age, BMI and waist -hip ratio. Therefore, the Korean government will be required to institute different policies in the hypertension management to target populations in rural and urban areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-883
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Korea
Genome
Hypertension
Health
Waist-Hip Ratio
Body Mass Index
Blood Pressure
Health Services Needs and Demand
Age Distribution
Rural Population
Occupations
Smoking
Alcohols
Interviews
Education

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Epidemiology
  • Isolated systolic hypertension
  • Korea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

@article{4ec5d2bc335c4828b06b07139fea4a97,
title = "Geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension in middle-aged men and women in Korea: The Korean Health and Genome Study",
abstract = "To compare geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in between urban (Ansan) and rural (Ansung) Korean adults aged 40-69 years, 4351 men and 4604 women enrolled in the Korean Health and Genome Study were analysed. Information was collected regarding gender, alcohol intake, smoking status, household income, occupation, and years of education by trained interviewers. Eligible subjects included untreated hypertensive and normotensive subjects. ISH was defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mmHg and diastolic BP <90mmHg. The overall age-adjusted prevalence of ISH was 4.1{\%}. The prevalence of ISH in Ansung (5.7{\%}) was higher than in Ansan (2.5{\%}, P<0.05). Also it increased with increments of age, from 1.0 to 12.8{\%} in Ansung (P<0.05) and from 0.3 to 13.0{\%} in Ansan (P<0.05). In those with body mass index (BMI) ≥30.0kg/ m2 in Ansung, the prevalence of ISH in women was twice as much as in men. The prevalence of ISH in obese men and women with a waist -hip ratio ≥1.0 and ≥0.85, respectively, was more than that of nonobese men and women in both areas. In Korea, because of industrialization, the age distribution was skewed and the Korean population in rural areas is more aged. ISH will become a truly major health problem in rural area, because ISH is related to age, BMI and waist -hip ratio. Therefore, the Korean government will be required to institute different policies in the hypertension management to target populations in rural and urban areas.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Epidemiology, Isolated systolic hypertension, Korea",
author = "Kim, {B. G.} and Park, {Jong Tae} and Y. Ahn and K. Kimm and Chol Shin",
year = "2005",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/sj.jhh.1001904",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "877--883",
journal = "Journal of Human Hypertension",
issn = "0950-9240",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension in middle-aged men and women in Korea

T2 - The Korean Health and Genome Study

AU - Kim, B. G.

AU - Park, Jong Tae

AU - Ahn, Y.

AU - Kimm, K.

AU - Shin, Chol

PY - 2005/11/1

Y1 - 2005/11/1

N2 - To compare geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in between urban (Ansan) and rural (Ansung) Korean adults aged 40-69 years, 4351 men and 4604 women enrolled in the Korean Health and Genome Study were analysed. Information was collected regarding gender, alcohol intake, smoking status, household income, occupation, and years of education by trained interviewers. Eligible subjects included untreated hypertensive and normotensive subjects. ISH was defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mmHg and diastolic BP <90mmHg. The overall age-adjusted prevalence of ISH was 4.1%. The prevalence of ISH in Ansung (5.7%) was higher than in Ansan (2.5%, P<0.05). Also it increased with increments of age, from 1.0 to 12.8% in Ansung (P<0.05) and from 0.3 to 13.0% in Ansan (P<0.05). In those with body mass index (BMI) ≥30.0kg/ m2 in Ansung, the prevalence of ISH in women was twice as much as in men. The prevalence of ISH in obese men and women with a waist -hip ratio ≥1.0 and ≥0.85, respectively, was more than that of nonobese men and women in both areas. In Korea, because of industrialization, the age distribution was skewed and the Korean population in rural areas is more aged. ISH will become a truly major health problem in rural area, because ISH is related to age, BMI and waist -hip ratio. Therefore, the Korean government will be required to institute different policies in the hypertension management to target populations in rural and urban areas.

AB - To compare geographical difference in the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in between urban (Ansan) and rural (Ansung) Korean adults aged 40-69 years, 4351 men and 4604 women enrolled in the Korean Health and Genome Study were analysed. Information was collected regarding gender, alcohol intake, smoking status, household income, occupation, and years of education by trained interviewers. Eligible subjects included untreated hypertensive and normotensive subjects. ISH was defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mmHg and diastolic BP <90mmHg. The overall age-adjusted prevalence of ISH was 4.1%. The prevalence of ISH in Ansung (5.7%) was higher than in Ansan (2.5%, P<0.05). Also it increased with increments of age, from 1.0 to 12.8% in Ansung (P<0.05) and from 0.3 to 13.0% in Ansan (P<0.05). In those with body mass index (BMI) ≥30.0kg/ m2 in Ansung, the prevalence of ISH in women was twice as much as in men. The prevalence of ISH in obese men and women with a waist -hip ratio ≥1.0 and ≥0.85, respectively, was more than that of nonobese men and women in both areas. In Korea, because of industrialization, the age distribution was skewed and the Korean population in rural areas is more aged. ISH will become a truly major health problem in rural area, because ISH is related to age, BMI and waist -hip ratio. Therefore, the Korean government will be required to institute different policies in the hypertension management to target populations in rural and urban areas.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Isolated systolic hypertension

KW - Korea

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=27844549833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=27844549833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001904

DO - 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001904

M3 - Article

C2 - 15988539

AN - SCOPUS:27844549833

VL - 19

SP - 877

EP - 883

JO - Journal of Human Hypertension

JF - Journal of Human Hypertension

SN - 0950-9240

IS - 11

ER -